The Meaning of Life

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The Mark of Humanity

February, 2012

Throughout our ancient history, ideals were passed through the generations through the use of tablets, parchments, and the like. The invention of the printing press caused a huge intellectual boom in which new conceptions of everything arose. The creation of the Internet has opened up a door for a new golden age if we only play our cards right...


In the beginning God brought about all things and cast a conscious self awareness within Adam and Eve, and it was good. God was made known to them through their environment, for they saw that all the individual details acted as representations of their origin. As the ideal couple develops through the joys of life, they become enticed by the conception of existing in the same nature as God. They examined their psychology and made the necessary arrangements in order to achieve this divine nature. Ignorant to them was the ramifications of their actions. The causal chain fell upon them and they became naked.

God had given humans everything they wanted, including the ability to become it, that is to live in its nature. The hardships of the struggle to actualise god-like characteristics overwhelmed the newly formed self-awareness. Thus it became a struggle to align themselves with the psychology in which they modified. The growing burdens of the world crashes down upon them and they die. History has lived the consequences of their choices, and we will soon not forget the virtues of their actions. For they paved the way for human kind to take our place on the throne, as the demigod's that we are. And if our follies destroy us before we get there, then humankind would of proven its unworthiness for its bestowed honour.

As the original man had not the facilities for understanding, they employed the use of tools in their strife towards the divine. They learned to effectively communicate with each other and their environment. They learned to create methods for conveying meaning by utilising the planet's resources. Ideals passed through the generations and the one's with solid foundations outlasted any sword. Ideals are passed by written communication through a medium such as scrolls, animal skins, tablets, and the like. These ideals were preserved but exclusively available to the educated, wealthy, and powerful. The printing press is then invented and the scope of education spectrums. We then develop wonderful new technology as a result of these methods of media distribution. The golden age results from a careful analysis of our psychology in an attempt to articulate the abstraction.

Computers are born and act as a basic representation of its human creator. Human memory looks into the mirror and electronic storage is discovered. The technology develops and copulas amounts of information becomes portable. These computers naturally evolve to become like their Creator and network themselves together. This then brings about computer networking data centres that enable any desired resource to be at every humans fingertips with the use of any portable or fixed communication device.

The toils of Adam and Eve and their descendants is near its realisation. The history of man had to actualise itself through a long process of suffering. It had to overcome its physical and mental hardships. It had to create the required technology to effectively retrain its own psychology towards healthy methods of mental distribution.

We are so close to being free from our chains! The Internet unlocks our shackles and manifests a moral responsibility on everyone. The path of ignorance will show itself for its superfluous qualities, and one will be in common understanding to realise that the reason for all errors in judgement is only a result of a learning process or sheer laziness to educate oneself. No longer will the government rule our education and we the people will teach each other!

When vast ranges of University grade educations are obtainable through easy, popular, and free methods of distribution over the Internet, the seekers of the world have the necessary means to achieve an infinite spectrum of potential. When one is given a mind to fill which has no observable limits, the blank slate is transformed into a life sculpture. The potential individuality of the creator that creates their own mind has the potential to achieve god-like characteristics. The day will come upon us when the merit of each individual is no longer assessed by their status in society, currency in their bank, or qualifications accumulated but instead through the character and abilities in which they possess. When we form ourselves into what we are from ourselves as a result of the external in which guides our passions, we align ourselves with God. And from the creations of mankind will come great things that represent our divine image.

With such power comes great responsibility, and we must carefully consider how such involvements could result. We are nearing the end of our poisoned fruit and the future of our races quality and longevity will come into question. The collective result of our answers to our problems will determine the possibility of continued existence. Judgement day will come upon us and we will have to pay for the consequences of our actions. Evolution will enquire into our overall well-being and we must answer honestly. When the search for knowledge is at everyone's fingertips, we possess no excuses.

The turn from the phenomena of the world into the psychology of the sufferer has given our kind the tools to overcome our mundane. Asceticism has crafted mankind an adaptable mould to go beyond their physical and mental limitations. When we prepare the body and mind for any conditions, the mind lets go of needing anything. And when the finer things in life make their way to us, those things are realised and appreciated for their true value. The continual need for this and that keeps us shackled to our turmoil. Thus, to live in the moment without any needs opens up the true scope of our freedom and we escape our constant clinging. When we come to understand suffering as the wise teacher that it is, our disdain for it will fade into the background. For this or that pain is only an experience and not part of us. We suffer when we identify pain as belonging to us. We are not our sufferings. We are presented direction to transcend our despair through a welcoming adaptation of all that is presented to us. In acceptance of what is, we open our eyes to what we truly have.

When an individual immerses themselves into the safety of the collective identity of society, they become vulnerable to being manipulated by it. The atrocities of our past massacres paint this image and calls into question whether one can claim to be "good" while allowing such events to unfold. As a learned individual who is skilled in the art of rhetoric paints their picture on the world, the creation resembles its origin. The darkness in which we cast within our souls will manifest itself in our character and environment. The only way to overcome such things is through individual action, welcoming all persecution, subjugation, and oppression that it incurs. Let us breed Hitler out of our genes.

Our distorted and abused understanding of the term "belief" has caused much suffering over the course of our human history. A simple modification of the term to not identify oneself within, but instead demonstrate a degree of inclination towards, without limiting the scope of, could solve many of our irrelevant disputes. But can a horse be a man? Our identification of the self is not in this or that but instead a disconnectedness towards the one.

The entire philosophical and religious scope of our human history has been in a process of coming to its realisation. Significant developments can be seen and our human consciousness evolves as a result. Hostility from diversity is seen in our actions which occurs from misunderstandings, misrepresentations, and misinterpretations of the wisdom being conveyed. Regardless of any beliefs or lack there of, every unique individual human being is asked one question at every moment of their existence: What will you do with the given? The answer to this question will determine if one is or is not able to save their soul.

 

 

Transcript Prologue
 

I come to you in your most darkest and lonely of hours, bearing a message from the gods, regarding the fate of your soul. All of your sufferings, all of your triumphs, all of your past, present, and future moments in their entirety will be repeated, not once, not twice or thrice, but forever into the abysmal infinite spectrum of space and time and your continuity there within!

Am I, the bearer of this news, a daemon or an angel? Have you been cursed or blessed? How will you perceive your new found insight? What will you do for all of your past and all of your future which result from your present is in the hands of its creator. You are its creator.

For all that you claim to know is nothing more than a farce played upon you to chain you to your burdens. Instead I say embrace your burdens and become what you are. Break free from your chains and accept your unique calling by learning and directing your psychology. The light will cast itself over you darkness. Claim your place in life for it is yours for the taking.

But I have pity on your soul because I know its bearer all to well. Let me shake you from your slumber and assist your understanding of the phrase Carpe diem.

The pinnacles of human existence is formed from the individuals found within its species! Welcome to the birthing pains of education reformation. Enjoy this philosophy course entitled, The Meaning of Life...

 
 
Transcript Lecture 1: Introduction
 

Greetings and welcome to lecture one of the course of The Meaning of Life. This course will be composed of ten lectures and I, Wendell NeSmith will be conducting these lectures. I hope that I do an efficient job in conveying the meaning that are behind these important and crucial topics that have haunted the minds of humanity since the beginning of known human civilisation and most likely before.

Lecture one will be an introductory lecture that will explore some of the topics that we will cover over the next ten lectures. The way that this course will be structured is that each lecture will be accompanied by a set of readings and these readings can be found below and they will be in audio format to make this process as easy as possible for you. I hope that you do take on this course seriously and consider these topics that I express to you and that these readings convey to you because these topics are the only thing that is important in your life whether you realise it or not. And I hope that you come to understand this as the course goes on.

This lecture will introduce some of the topics of each lecture that we will be going through so I am going to start that now.

In Lecture 1 which is this lecture I hope that you will get an overview of what is going to be covered and maybe even think about these topics before we cover them so that you can compare your own views to the views that you accumulate through the process of these lectures and the relevant readings.

Lecture 2 will be composed of, The Painter, that's what its called, and the painter is the mediator of the Divine and the Divine is the wisdom that the philosopher has found. And the wisdom that the philosopher has found they then take and contemplate for long periods of time and then attempt to express that to convey that divinity to others in the most efficient and practical manner.

And that is what we all do within communication to some degree or another for we are all painters. We are all painting a picture for other people. When you use your words you might say "I am saying exactly what I mean" but no you are not you are saying an abstraction of what you mean and we will be covering this in lecture two. For if I say sit down on a chair, a chair to you and a chair to me are two entirely different things considering I live in the wilderness a chair to me would easily be a log which I am sitting on right now or even the ground or a rock, and that is my favourite place of sitting , a big rock is my favourite. And to you it is probably a LazyBoy or a couch or something else so what the painter is doing is attempting to articulate the abstract. And the abstract is his message of wisdom that he is trying to share.

And when I say he, unfortunately the English language does not have a He/She term yet, and I am hoping they will eventually, so I am meaning One. But One separates the individual, so if I slip up and say "he" that is why, I am waiting for that term which probably will never come unfortunately. So I mean he or she.

So the painter is a poet, they are trying to convey something to the best of their ability without actually being able to convey it directly. So let's think about a painter that wants to paint a picture of the sun, the bright sun, on a canvas. So that painter is painting and he brings the canvas to his friend and says, "Look at my painting, its of the Sun". And that's exactly what it is, its of the Sun it is not the sun, it is a representation of the Sun. And this is what we will be talking about in lecture two for the mediator between the Divine and the Human, the fallible, the material is only somewhere in between.

Lecture 3 we will be speaking about belief and suffering and their interconnections. So why do we have beliefs and why do we hold on to these beliefs and why are they so important to us and why do we suffer and what is it that causes suffering and even what could we do to overcome suffering. And interestingly enough, belief and suffering are two sides of the same coin. So we need to understand both aspects of these sides in order to understand how to go beyond the suffering that it causes and their interconnections will be discussed in more detail in lecture three.

In Lecture 4 we will be exploring the perception, human perception and experience. And what we will be talking about then is from how our senses come to make an image of the world. Let's use an example of, let's say our eyes. That is the easiest for most people to understand. So the light reflects in a certain way and it goes through our retinas and gets sent through a complex system and sends signals to our brain and our brain then paints a picture of what it is that we "see". And what it is that we see is actually cast by our brains into the imagination. So our perception is not really what we see it is just a representation of what we see. Our experience therefore is an experience of an imaginary world, to some degree, or maybe to a large degree, or maybe entirely, but we will discuss that in lecture four.

In Lecture 5 we will then discuss the possibility of existence and knowledge. So do we exist and if we do in what manner do we exist? Does other objects in the world exist and if so in what manner do they exist? And is there at all that we can say to Know? So these questions will be dealt with in lecture five.

In Lecture 6 we then go on to explore The Seeker which the seeker is the philosopher: the lover of wisdom who searches for this wisdom at all times. And we will be speaking of the seeker and what it is that he seeks and then what it is that he attempts to convey and express. So we can then relate that back with the painter and we can see how the painter comes to paint the picture that he then blesses to the world.

Lecture 7 will be reviewing the topic of God. Does God exist or does God not exist? What can we understand from the nature of God if God exist or if He does not exist what meaning can we find in the world. The topic of God is very very controversial in today's society that has placed Science as its highest good and I want to put up red flags about this and you need to think about that especially when we are going through lecture four and five about knowledge and what we can understand to know because science says its knowledge and even though science guides us and helps us with many many things, we need to be careful about what we put our faith in. And putting our faith in science has its ramifications. And we will be talking about that.

Also the controversy which God has created, and diversity, God has started, or people that have said in the name of God have started many wars and caused great suffering throughout mankind's history. And this has put a bitter taste in our mouth about God, especially since Christianity dominated the {Western} world for a very very long time and you had to be in line with the orthodox church because the church was the church and since the state was the church the state punished you if you were not in line. You became a heretic and was either exiled or martyred. And we are going to be talking about these topics and how God and the misconception of God can cause great follies of mankind.

I also want to state before going on to the next lecture, that I am a called man. I am a man of God that follows God in everything. But I look at all religions objectively as I can and learn what I can from these religions. I am religious because I do worship this Divine which is in everything, and I am called, I have been called. There was a point that I was called to do what I am doing now. And I want to also say that I think a lot of these follies that these religions have asserted is God and then work everything else from God. And the only thing that we are given is our consciousness, our human perceptions, our mind, our experience, that is the only thing that is given. And we need work from there to God; to be a true follower of God we are following from ourselves to God and not to God back to ourselves. And modern religion does just the opposite. I am not a fan of organised religion at all and I do not identify with any religions in particular but I learn from them all.

Lecture 8 is "Why Act Morally?". And this is an important topic especially if we are to consider God because in the past God is the reason why we should act morally, and if there is no God then what reasons do we have to act morally. And if there is a God what reasons do we have to act morally? We will be bringing from lecture four and five perception and experience and this idealism that if all we have is our experience then why should we worry about what is outside of our experience. So why should compassion drive us when we are not experiencing these situations directly. Should we not only worry about our experience? We will also be looking at different theories of justice and why one would act morally.

This brings us on to Lecture 9 which is what type of life should I live? This will talk about each conscious second and what we are to do and make with it to have a connection to ourselves and the world and a feeling of belonging to our investments. And what we are to do with the time. And I am going to give you a little bit of a spoiler and that is that you should become a philosopher. And you can become a philosopher in many different ways but the philosopher is the one that searches for wisdom and through searching for wisdom we are learning theories to bring about practical application onto the world. So as a searcher of wisdom we are able then to actualise this wisdom into our own lives and be able to live the best life that we are able to live.

And this brings us then to our final lecture, Lecture 10. And this will be discussing building a meaningful life. We will be talking about how to break the chains that society has shackled to us and how to find the meaning and destiny that we ourselves are supposed to follow. And fate a free will will be talked about throughout this course but this course is a course on practical application which is Phronesis, that is from Aristotle, which we will be reading some Aristotle as well. But this will be about building a meaningful life and what we are to do considering the constraints from being brought into the world that we currently live in.

So we have now gone through lecture one through ten and some of the topics that we are going to cover within these lectures. And now I want to discuss some of the reading material that we will be exploring over the next ten lectures. I want to say that I will not be talking specifically, at least not in great detail, about this reading material that I am providing, but this reading material that I am providing is an aid to understand from different perspectives about where I am coming from. So I am not expounding on this material. I am giving you new material, at least to the most part, that you can build upon to increase the foundations of your own understanding. So I am not going to be reviewing these books. I might be referencing them but that is the extent that these lectures will be functioning.

As far as your reading material for this lecture, and I suggest that you can choose to read the material before or after the lectures, but if it was me I would probably read before that way I understand different aspects of what could be involved in the lectures. But it is your choice and remember that these are available in audio format and go to them so you can do the course , if you just listen to the lectures you are not doing the course, you are just getting a taste. Which is better than nothing but if you are going to do it then do the whole thing; that is what I recommend.

This lecture we have two readings. Crito by Plato is about Socrates and his friend Crito comes into his prison after Socrates has been arrested for corrupting the youth (and all Socrates was doing was asking questions and the youth would come and say, "This guy is interesting, let's watch him" and then they would mimic some of the things that he did and all Socrates was doing was going, "Why do you do that? Why do you take your fruit from this stand and then put it in this stand?" He's just asking questions trying to figure out the why's of humanity and more or less try and teach and help others understand why they do the things they do.

But this is about his being in prison and Crito comes and says, "We can help you escape" and Socrates say's, "No". And you will see his reasonings behind why he wants to stay and carry out being martyred. He did not consider it being martyred and I want to make that clear. He came from a different age and a different culture and he did not have that perception of martyrdom. For him it was the greatest good to be eliminated through a democratic approach which he invested his life into.

We get a little taste of an "Absolute" good. Throughout these lectures I am going to be slamming absolute goods, to some degree, but as I said before the painter is only a mediator and the absolute can never really be reached but we can get as close as we can to it. Socrates then says, you know, is one man's just as good as another man's opinion? And Crito says no. And we can see this: if you go to a wise grandfather and ask him a question and go to one of your friends who is off the rails and ask him a question you are going to obviously get different results. And from those results you are obviously going to take into consideration the two different approaches that are given to you. So one man's opinion is not equal to another.

And not just that, is the mob opinion, which is the opinion of the group, more valid then the opinion of one man. And we can easily see just by looking around that this is not the case. The group does retarded things, like really horrible things, they lose the individual and we can see this in Nazi Germany and we can see this in Stalinism and this is what we are talking about with absolutes. There is some type of absolute that we are striving for and we get different degrees the more wisdom we achieve as to how close we are to that absolute. That is one of your readings and this is a very good reading and I hope that you consider this and reflect and all of these reading and all of these lectures I don't just want you to one time go, "oh yeah, okay". I want you to actually think because that is what we are here for; we are here to think and contemplate, ponder, upon these very difficult questions.

We also have Jonah which is about a man who ran from his destiny. He knew his destiny and he ran. And I did that for a while too, it is only the last two years that I have fully embraced my calling. Before there was bits and pieces - I would pick and choose what I liked from my calling and then just dump the rest. And what I dumped came back on me to its fullest and I suffered and I suffered greatly. This can be related to life. We have the choice. We have that calling there, we might not quite understand or know that calling yet, but we come to learn it if we embrace it. And then we can carry it out.

There is another point of this reading that I would like you to consider and that is Jonah's suffering and I want you to think about this so in lecture three when we talk about belief and suffering you can start to relate different aspects of Jonah's suffering with what we are talking about in lecture three. So those are the two books that we are going to be reading and I hope you guys enjoy this. All of this material that I am providing you is very very popular material, at least it is what passes on through the ages. You go into a book store and you get recommendations from your friends and what you are looking at is pornography. These are books that will wear away in one or two generations. But what you are looking at with philosophy is timeless material that will stay as long as we are here.

And that is what we need to consider is what it is that we are putting into our heads, but this material that I am providing you has actually shifted the thought process of mankind and developed it: the reason that you think like you think is because of this material, and more material, and hopefully as I offer more courses, we will expand upon this material and if you choose to take on those other courses as well, you will be given the tools to understand why you think the way that you think. But these are all passed down, we learn something new, a smart guy comes along and says, "this", and we go "oh okay", so the world is not flat or the sun earth revolves around the sun instead of the sun revolving around the Earth. And at first we go, "no, no!" and gets criticised and ridiculed and martyred and then we go, "oh okay, we will accept that now" and then we lose the meaning of it and once it is over we put it back in the subconscious or the unconscious.

I am here to bring it back out because we need to consider these topics. To understand yourself, to be able to follow your own destiny and create and develop meaning in your life you need to understand why you are the way that you are. And if you don't then you are not master of your own destiny. You can not play an arcade or XBox game without learning how to play your character. So you have a character here that you need to learn how to control. And in order to learn how to control that character you need to understand the strings that that character has.

Throughout this course we will be looking at Kierkegaard, Nietzsche, Schopenhauer, Shakespeare, we will be looking into Buddhism. We will be looking into a few books in the Bible. We will be looking at the great philosopher Kant, Plato, and many more and I do hope that you enjoy these as they are very significant and powerful works, powerful masterpieces. Most of the time I am only going to be able to give you selections of these pieces.

That is what my philosophy degree does, did. They gave me a lot of different information in like just a section of the book that it came from. And it was just a lot and it was hard to understand it all. And over time then I began to learn the material because it all correlates in one way or another. And then after I finished the major I went back and said, "Okay all of this material came from books. Now I am going to read all of these books. And I have read most of them and am still reading most of them. I read a lot. I read probably thirty to fifty books a month. I have read more than that. There is a lot of material that I go through. And I love it because the more that I learn, the more that I can understand, control, and dominate my life and in turn the more that I learn about my suffering and human condition the more that I can overcome that suffering and that condition. And I hope that this course will show you some aspects of that and maybe provide some tools for you to be able to do the same with your own life.

So that is what this course is about and I hope that you do enjoy it. I hope this first lecture has enlightened you to certain aspects of what we are going to cover and interested you as well. I hope I don't not fail in my mission and my mission is to open your eyes to "what is" and when your eyes are open you will be in a much better position to be able to make the decisions in your life because the decisions that we make in our life are the most important thing possible. Not making a decision is making a decision as well and I want you to be aware that every single conscious second we have a decision, "What are you going to do?". This is the question that you need to fight with so you can figure out what you are going to do each moment. And if you are to make a meaningful life, what are you going to do with your conscious seconds, you have been given so many of them.

I hope this has intrigued you at least a little bit. I hope you do continue and take on this course. If you want to contact me then I am happy to have a chat and you can contact me on my site My Reflected Life. These lectures are all a part of my site. I do YouTube to build my website. I do not do YouTube to be on YouTube. If you are a YouTuber coming to this then I recommend you to my website. So YouTube acts as a medium that allows me to build my website. So if you want to chat about any of the things that we talk about in these lectures then I am happy to do that. And I think these issues are so important not to the masses but the individual, and the individual is you. So I want you to be able to take your life under your own control and make it the life that you should be living. And I do not know how that is. That is for you to figure out. And I hope this course helps you do that.

 

 

Transcript Lecture 2: The Painter
 

Greetings and welcome to lecture two on the meaning of life. Last lecture we introduced the topics that we will be covering over this course. And what I am going to do now is get right into it as we don't really need to review what we spoke of previously because we will be talking about these subjects now and the future lectures.

To begin with we will speak of birth, childhood, youth, growing up into adulthood, life, and then death. We are all brought into a society, a culture, a particular culture. So a time and place within that culture. So we live over a certain period of time and we have no say about that and we are brought into a place and we have no say about that. And this affects our entire lives, for we can move on to a different place but the places that we were in our past will condition where we go in our future.

So we are born and then brought up into a culture and we are taught the normalities and traditions of this culture as well as the "truths" that these cultures hold as valuable. We are handed down a preconception of what a life should be. And in most capitalistic cultures this is preparation for employment. We learn how to walk. We learn that feet go on the ground and hat goes on the head. We develop ourselves and learn speech to communicate because we become frustrated not being able to communicate and that causes us to cry. Once we learn from observation and immersion the language of our culture we then start to learn its values and believe those values to also be our own. We grow up and get educated within this culture as to how we should live our lives and we follow the path of this culture unless we break apart from it.

We all have rose tinted glasses. We see around and see straight but these rose tented glasses block our peripheral vision. And it is the philosopher's job to pry these glasses off so that they can see what truly is. And that is the goal of the philosopher. And as the philosopher learns how to do this then they are in a better situation to control their own lives.

This lecture called The Painter is to help and prepare you to read and understand the text that will be provided in this course. Not only that to be able understand expression on a higher level. And that is not only text but any type of expression for example this transcript that I am typing right now is a type of expression. And hopefully after this lecture, you will be able to make better decisions from understandings brought from the lecture about what it is that people are trying to say. So this is not only limited to the text that you will be encountering in this course but expands to life and everything within human communication. We can then learn to look at speech and language from an overview.

It is the expressionist' role to express themselves in a manner that is receptive to the audience. And the audience depends on the expressionist. For me the audience is people that are looking for meaning, people that have not found meaning but are searching. The future philosophers is the people that my heart is put out to. A philosopher can be many things but that is your path, or the philosophers path.

But that is their role to articulate their abstract in a way that is receptive. This is no easy task at all. I have been doing this my entire life and most people have not been receptive at all to me. So I tweak and manipulate my words and my structure of whatever medium I use to express myself in order to convey my meaning and be heard by others. So that is the role of the painter, for they are painting a picture of what it is that they are trying to say. And this picture is in attempts to convey the meaning that they have to express.

I am going to get right into a debate or an argument and that goes into Socrates and Hermogones and they were speaking about names. Let's say we call all horses men and then we call all men horses, so now a man is a horse and a horse is a man. Is a man really a horse then and is a horse really a man, or we just postulating something that is not true? And language is meant for the user of the language, so if we assert our language into an object or an understanding, how can we say that that understanding is true? Or is it true or we just completely screwing up our own language.

A very difficult and interesting article that I struggled with greatly with a few years ago was Wittgenstein's private use of language. Wittgenstein takes this discourse of Socrates and Hermogones a step further and questions whether private language can exist, for language is a communal activity, and for one person to say that something is something else then is that possible or not. So if I claim this stick to be a dog and for the future this stick to me is a dog, can this stick be a dog. In a round about what Wittgenstein is coming to grips with or bringing our minds to question is whether language at all can exist or be valid, for all language in a certain perspective is a private use of language. For there is colloquially and we all have different types of verbiage that we utilise. The argument is much more detailed than that but this is an introductory course and I do not want to confuse anybody, but that is basically the way the argument goes.

So we are questioning language here and we need to start thinking about this method that we use to convey meaning in order to understand the painter. And this method in many cases is language. And not only language, if another method is used then it carries the same ramifications. So let's keep that in mind. When I say that it is hot and being hot comes to your mind, I feel that it is probable that my hot is burning to you. As well as cold. I am sure that my cold is freezing to you. And this is because I have trained. And I have trained in the intense heat and I have put myself through rigorous extremes in order to no longer worry about those extremes. So to escape suffering I went through suffering, which we will be speaking about next lecture.

If you go to a doctors office and you have a boo boo and the doctor says, "How much does this boo boo hurt? Your scale is 1-10. Now tell me , is it like a two or a three or is it a seven or is it a nine? How are we able to articulate an abstract such as labeling our pains to a number? So this is impossible. Yet we do it every day. Yet we go to the doctor and we tell them and not just the doctor, we have other scenarios in our day to day lives that these situations come up. So we need to start thinking about the use of language and being able to say what you mean.

For if I point to the moon it is not the moon. What I am pointing at is the moon. The conveyance of pointing at the moon is not the moon. If you have two friends that come over and you ask them if they would like some coffee and the first one says, "Yes, I would like some coffee" and the second one says, "A coffee would be magnificent". Who is expressing more meaning there? The first friend advised you specifically, "Yes, I would like some coffee". The second friend did not give you an answer, yet somehow they did. So these are things that we need to think about within language and expression.

Salvador Dali and the painting of the melting clock is my favourite painting of all time. When we look that painting we are not thinking that Salvador Dali wanted to say that clocks melt. We are looking deeper into the painting. And if you have never seen that painting, which I am sure everyone has, but go and look at it if you have not and if you have not looked at it for long I would recommend you to just observe it for a while and see what comes about there. He is attempting to convey a message and that message is up for interpretation.

Friedrich Nietzsche is the most quoted philosopher of all time but at the same time he is the most misunderstood. Not only that is that he utilised his paintbrush in an interesting manner. He went and started attacking different ideas and concepts in order to express deeper meaning. So most people who read Nietzsche will be greatly offended by what he says, but when you learn to step back and try and look at what image he is attempting to convey, then we come to the point where we are looking at the clock again. The meaning that he conveys through his controversial topics, through his bold statements that will get you upset. But he is preparing a road and if you look at what he says then that road becomes open for you to follow and observe the surroundings.

So can we say what we mean? I have had a debate about this with somebody, it was a very short debate. Through this debate we had some problems {the results of being homeless during this course} and it ended up falling out, not on my part but the other part. But they were not appreciative at all that I could not say what I meant. I said to them "I mean everything that I say but I can never say what I mean" and they were greatly offended by this and said that they did not wish to have a friend that was like that. It was a short debate, a few minutes, because they did not have ears to hear and they did not want to hear the meaning that I was attempting to convey. And that is what we need to learn to do is unplug our ears so we can understand what message our fellow human is attempting to convey. So from intolerance such as close mindedness we end up with diversity where there was none. And we end up hurting our fellow humans.

For each of us are equipped with a paintbrush. Some go out and look for other paintbrushes to also utilise. And we can have different types of paint brushes. We can have thick ones and small ones and not only that the painter has a style and they can paint wide strokes or small strokes. And what it is that the philosopher does is paint in a way that can convey meaning regardless of the content of some of their words. So you might notice with me that I might be very aggressive towards humnankind in certain situations. And this is very true, and I am to a large degree. But behind these strokes of my paintbrush is deeper meaning. And if you learn to pull off your rose tinted glasses, then maybe you might see something that you did not see previously.

So we come back to the painter that paints the sun. Are they painting the sun or they merely painting a representation of the sun. To point at the moon is not the moon. And the artist can only point. We can only act as signs to guide the audience towards the direction of the insight that we see. Wisdom must be learned through understanding and experience, and suffering, and can not be taught. You are not going to gain anything from these lectures until you learn how to practically apply this information. You have the resources now from this course to gain these tools but you do not have the wisdom: by me doing this course is not passing on wisdom but only tools to achieve your own personal wisdom. Your own personal divinity.

So we come now to the philosopher and the philosophy. And what so many people do, especially people that are beginning with philosophy, is read the philosophy. So they will go through and read Kierkegaard, or Descartes, or Plato, Aristotle, Nietzsche, etc... And they will learn their content, they will learn the philosophy of the philosopher. But they will not understand. They might think they understand but they will not. And I will tell you why is because behind the philosophy is the philosopher, and this is an important point. And there is a theme that is beginning here , even began in last lecture, but I hope you pick up on it. But to understand the philosophy you must understand the philosopher. Because that philosophy was built by philosopher and that philosopher built that philosophy from the happenings, understandings , occurrences and experience of his or her own life. So in order to understand the philosophy in the best and most efficient manner possible, we need to understand what is behind that philosophy and that is the philosopher.

We need to then analyse the medium that this philosopher or artist, painter, whatever we are talking about here. We need to look at the medium that they are using to convey their message. Are they using paper like most, I mean are they writing or painting or they making a demonstration or they making a video? How are they conveying what they wish to convey? Once we look at that then we can say well why did they use that medium?. A lot of the medium that survived in our past was writing and now we have something called technology, the Internet, the Internet is such a wonderful thing and I am taking it and I am making it my own. I am starting philosophy online for all. I am making it free for everyone. And the medium that I use many mediums. Many of you might notice that I do artwork that scrams and I write and I do lectures now and I also read aloud and record my articles. I have photographs with text. There is many things that I use to convey messages. And always in attempts to figure out how to best express myself.

It has only been maybe a few years that people have started to listen to me or be frightened, more so frightened, but all through childhood and youth and much of my adulthood I was confused about a lot of things. I misunderstood the world in front of me. And I was screaming for help for understanding and nobody was answering, so I went to philosophy. And I looked for mentors as well and nobody was interested and I was just a child to everybody. I started to learn and learn and learn philosophy. And eventually my arguments became solid. And instead of people arguing against and claiming me as "froth on the beer", I became to be frightened of, there was no point in arguing with me about anything because the arguments that I had were forming into solid arguments. And that is not to say that doesn't happen, like there are some people sometimes that I can have good debates with. But it is few and far between.

So now instead of people condescending me I have people running from me. I think that is better than people condescending me but... You see my point is that I had a message but I did not know what it was and I was striving to look for it. And I was screaming out to the world for help and the world was not answering, so I would utilise different methods to convey my message. Music as well. There is a lot of different methods that I did utilise and still utilise, and I am always growing; my palette is always getting more colours. This then allows me to increase my audience, and it does, it definitely does. And then some people either unplug their ears or they have already somewhat been awaken or even halfway awake. Somnambulance: sleepwalkers, I live in a world of sleepwalkers. And I was always wanting to get out of that world. And even my philosophy professors, they were not interested in helping me. I was just a kid and for my youth I get looked down upon. And when I open my mouth people then run because, "hey there is this kid who is speaking frightening things". And what I preach isn't appreciate by the majority of people. And this is obvious because what I preach is not your personal comforts in society but something different.

My audience still remains these people. And I am constantly looking for ways to express meaning and wake up the world to themselves, but I run into the deaf. Those who have no ears to listen. And it is these people that I want to help the most for my heart screams out to them because they suffer and they suffer and they suffer for the sake of suffering. I suffer to overcome. The Superman is why I suffer. They suffer to suffer and it makes me sad and I see it, being homeless, I travel from place to place to place to place, to family to family to friends to friends, to families, to everywhere. I mean I am constantly meeting new people. And I see the world for the people that are in it. And a lot of their unhealthy traits that they utilise and have no concern to overcome makes me sad because those unhealthy traits cause them suffer. And it is that suffering that I strive to overcome and it is suffering that humanity strives to overcome. And this is my gift to humanity, is to help it overcome suffering.

If we only learn to take our hands away from our ears, to pry off our rose tinted glasses, and suffering for the sake of overcoming; of transcending, instead of suffering for the sake of suffering, then we can live in a much better world. And not only that but a much more compassionate world. And it all aligns, for when you find the root cause of something then everything else aligns. So if you suffer in one area and you find out why you suffer in that area and then you take care of that problem, the rest sorts itself out. If your car has a problem, you need to figure out what that problem is in order to fix it. And then you can fix the problem and have a working functioning car again. If you leave that problem alone or rig it up so it works for a little bit longer other things are going to start to get affected. But we will speak about that in the next lecture on suffering.

The deaf is my audience. And if you are reading this and you are awake or awakening then I want to talk to you. But in saying that you are not my target audience. But also in saying that you are the ones that I want by my side. So in a way you are, I want you to come to me. And I want us to talk about the future of the world. But as far as why I do this is for compassion for those who are sleepwalking.

We were looking at the painter and his picture but now we need to look at you as the painter and your own picture. So when you use language what type of language do you use and why? When you express something why do you express it the way that you do? How are you articulating the abstract? Are you saying what you mean? For you can't say what you mean and even if you think you can you can't but you can mean what you say. And if you do mean what you say then how meaningful is what you say? What can you do to involve more meaning within your expression?

This is an important topic in order to review the world that you live in and yourself within that world. How people communicate is everything. For when you walk into a shop and when you walk by someone or when you are talking with someone, you are right there in this subject that we are speaking of right now. So how you communicate, how you paint your strokes, is going to affect how others interpret you. And I would like you to think about that. This isn't something that you just think about once. This is a process that will continue on your entire life.

So we went to the beginning of adulthood if you remember the beginning of this lecture, and we now come to a point where we have been educated and we are then thrown out into the world, and they make you think that this is the world, and you become employed. So the world of employment IS the world. It is not but maybe you think that or not, most people do so I am speaking to those most people. You are now employed. Somehow you manage to wake yourself up and sleepwalk through the day and then you come home and your beer or you relax and sit on your lazy boy or turn on the TV and spend the night away on the TV. Or you begin to get set in your life and over time this will eventually bring about the fact that your life is meaningless. And it is meaningless because of what you made it. And when you understand this or when you think about this a little bit, because you get stuck in it, you get stuck in what you are doing. And when you think about this it makes you sad.

So how can you fix that? Well the best way to fix that would then be to get married. You get married and you combine your life and your life is now a bit different and you are going along and it happens again and you feel, "oh where is the meaning in my life" so you have children. And then you raise those children and you think this is meaning, this is real meaning raising these children and you continue the process and paint on the rose tinted glasses onto your children. But this time in your own way because you found a few different things out that are relevant to you and you think it should be done this way instead. So you are making minor adjustments and you are raising your children. Your children grow up and then they move out and then you go, "okay, well what do I do now? I've spent all of this time on the children and now my life is again meaningless". So this is when a lot of people go through their mid-life crisis. After the mid-life crisis they learn to be content because they have seen a lot of things and experienced a lot of things. Being content within their miserable life becomes what they strive for everyday. Because they feel like most of their life has passed them by and they are coming to the end and then we put these people in old folks homes when they get to the point where they can no longer take care of themselves.

All the employment that went through the life, you learn how to deal with it. And then after it all means nothing. There was nothing that could be said for your employment but "you did a good job", you might get a watch or something like that, a few pats on the back. And then you grow old and you whither away and you get sick often and you reflect on the life that you wasted or you then occupy your mind with hobbies. And over time you deteriorate and eventually you die. And this is all considering that and accident didn't occur during your lifetime to kill you. What I say is that is that we should invest ourselves into ourselves. We will be talking about throughout the lectures. And I want to ask you a question. The life that I depicted is the life of most people. Do you think this is a meaningful life. I want to leave you with that question for this lecture but before we finish I want to speak about the relevant readings.

To begin with I want to speak about an author that has a warm place in my heart, and this is Ayn Rand and we are going to be reading a section of her novella called Anthem. The reason why this author has such a place in my heart is because she is the one who introduced me to Western philosophy and some the ramifications that it spoke of. After I read The Fountainhead which was a really good book (Atlas Shrugged was really good as well), but after I read that I turned my life around. And everything started being invested in philosophy. And over time I was able to pry my rose tinted glasses off. And I am very harsh on people and I say, "pry off your rose tinted glasses" and they go, "how do you know I got rose tinted glasses one?" and it is like, "well look, I have been spending my entire life prying away my glasses and there is still some days that I have to question what it is that I do and why it is that I do it.

So it is not an easy process. Have you spent the time to pry your glasses off, that is my question, have you done that. I am going to be harsh on you. I am going to be harsh on every single person because it is not a flick of the fingers. It was like eight years ago that I read Ayn Rand and she opened my heart into Western philosophy (I was into Eastern philosophy because I did martial arts). But Western philosophy opened a huge, everything for me, it opened up my life. And it brought much suffering too but that is a different story and we will talk about that in the next lecture. But Anthem, back to the relevant reading (we are getting off topic again) but the relevant reading is Anthem and this is a world where the "I" has been taken away. So We no longer say "I" We say We, so how are We today, what are We doing? It is a very interesting read and while reading it I want you to think about how she utilises her words and how she paints her picture.

Similarly, I want you to do the same thing with our next relevant reading which is another book that is dear to my heart, probably in the top ten list of my favourite books of all time. And not necessarily for its structure because there is parts of that book that I find boring but there are a lot of gems within it. And this book is called The Symposium by Plato. A symposium is where everybody gets together and speaks about a subject, and in this case they were speaking about love, and what love is and Socrates was there and his friends. They were drinking a little bit and when Alcibiades, I think they started drinking more but he was drunk, but we won't be reading that section and if we do it will only be a small portion of it. But the section we are going to be reading is when Socrates is speaking about Diatoma and what she conceives love as, her perceptions on love, and I want you to notice and think about these because these are part of the theme. So whenever Socrates goes into the words or the understanding of Diatoma, I want your ears to be very perceptive. And I want you to relate this material with everything we are talking about. And look at the picture that is being painted.

As far as The Symposium as well, I want you to understand that this event was told to Plato by his friend, I don't remember who it was, but I think it was thirty or thirty five after the event took place. And then Socrates is speaking about a lesson that he learned from Diatoma and I think that was like five or ten years prior. So we are getting second hands of second hands. We are lost as far as interpretation. And this is where the painting comes in because we have multiple paintings that are built upon one another. So perceive this and realise what is happening and I think you will enjoy the readings a great deal.

That's all for this lecture and I hope you were interested and enjoyed it. And next lecture is going to be an interesting one on pain and suffering. So hopefully we can have a little bit of fun with our own pain and suffering instead of suffering through the lecture. Stay safe.

 

Transcript Lecture 3: Belief and Suffering
 

Greetings and welcome to lecture three of the meaning of life. In lecture two we spoke of the painter, that is the expressionist who is attempting to articulate the abstract to the audience that he feels most in need of what inspiration that he or she has to offer and their manipulation of the tools of expression that they possess in order to most effectively communicate that meaning.

In this lecture we will be speaking of belief and suffering and their interconnections. For belief brings about a sense of security and we are then given hope for our lives. This belief that I am speaking of can be about anything; we are not necessarily limiting our self to God and belief in God will be spoken about in lecture seven. This brings about a sense of finality to our lives for when we have achieved these beliefs we are then in the position to relax and no longer search for new beliefs.

A belief stands as something that we can commit ourselves to even though we do not understand or are able to know. This finality allows us to condense ourselves into one aspect. It gives us a sense of belonging, for when we believe we can also others who believe similarly or the same and group ourselves within them. Then we are able to be united and have a community of belivers directed towards a certain aspect. This in turn creates diversity and we can see this throughout history. The example that we will use in this lecture is only one of many is that of Jesus. When Jesus died many different Jesus "sects" formed and there were many followers of Jesus who then interpreted Jesus' works and life in different manners.

Most of these sects fought against each other and there was a lot of blood shed that went into that. And in the end one power won. What happened is that Saint Paul was the one to not create Christianity but pave a way for modern Christian thought. The apologist then guided the church and formed an organised religion. And this organised religion then created dogmatic doctrines to follow and in order to achieve this they had to stamp out their competition and their competition were other forms of Jesus movements. So we have different interpretations being eradicated into one interpretation and eventually this formed into Christianity as we know it today.

We see this creating diversity everywhere and not just that diversity within religions because Christianity was no longer Jewish as it was taken over the Gentiles. And the Jewish people were no longer saved. And then the Muslim people came along which were monotheistic, which even Christianity claims monotheism but they worship three gods: Jesus, The Holy Spirit, and God. And that is polytheism any way you look at it so modern Christianity is not actually a monotheistic religion. But in saying that Jesus did not claim that he was God and he pointed to God.

But these are just different interpretations and what you see today within the organised Christian and Catholic church is a result of this one interpretation. And it creates diversity everywhere. The way that I have interpreted it is that Jesus opened the way to God to everybody. I understand that Jesus opened and paved a way for all to reach God and this is not through dogmatic doctrines. But this is a different story and we will not be talking about that any further. Sorry I got on a little bit of a rant, this was not supposed to be in this lecture.

So we see that this creates mob mentality, a "you are with us or against us" which is George Bush's famous saying. Jesus actually said in Luke is that those who are not against me are with me. So we have different perceptions of understanding here and this coming from George Bush who is supposedly a Christian. We then reach self-righteousness, for I am right and I will put this flag in the ground and say that there is no other difference. That I can not be disputed because I have found this truth and I will close my ears to any other things because other things harm my ears. But this is not what is being preached, for Jesus preaches that what goes into a man does not matter but what comes out of a man does. But these are not really recongised. A lot of times organised religion will preach this but not follow. There is a lot of hypocrisy. And I am getting off track again because I have a lot of views so I will get back on track. But this creates self-righteousness and people being sturdy in their beliefs and will not hear out their fellow human being because of what they believe and they do not want to hear it any other way. This in turn puts ear plugs in those individual's ears and they become close minded.

I am going to go on now to Buddhism and the teachings of it about suffering because we have talked about belief for the last ten minutes and now we are going to speak about suffering. The whole objection for Buddhism is the cessation of suffering, so the end of suffering. That was Buddha's goal for everything, Siddhartha Gautama who later became the illustrious Buddha. And he found enlightenment through finding a way to overcome this suffering. He had a choice whether to help the world or to just stay in the forest with what he had learned and he was unsure of whether he should. He was seriously debating to just stay and be one with all things and then he decided that he wanted to help, but he didn't think that others had ears to hear but it turned out that they did.

So in order to efficiently convey his message, remember the painter, and according to his era he needed to create dogmatic doctrines that people could follow to surpass suffering. And that is what he did, but we are just going to hear these out. I want to say that these dogmatic doctrines are not close minded. He was very open with many things. As far as dogmas go, Buddha's is one of the better ones. So then get to the cessation of suffering: how are we to stop suffering? He found the origin of suffering. As if you want to fix a car you have to find out what the problem of the car is. If you want to fix a computer you have to find out the problem and then you have to focus on the problem and repair what the actually problem is.

And he says that the problem with suffering is that we "cling". And we cling to all things, so we are clinging to our material. We are clinging to our TV, we are clinging to our phone. We are clinging to our friends and our work and music and entertainment and alcohol and all these different vices, which we are going to talk about vices and virtues later. But we are clinging to all of these things and this is causing our suffering because all of these things, and not just these things: those are the material, we also have ideals. We are clinging to these ideals as the greatest good and these ideals also let us down. But he is saying that all of these things actually cause our suffering, for when they are removed from our life or when we get tired of them, let us say we get a new phone, we are so excited but two months later there is another phone out and our phone becomes crap. So we then want to get another phone and we suffer with the phone that we have. So we are always looking towards the future but never being content that we have.

So these are the things that are causing our suffering. And in order to go beyond that suffering, to pass that suffering, is to "uncling" from these things. And as we uncling from these things (which is a process) then we slowly overcome suffering. And Buddha saw how people, especially in his time, would most likely not be able to do this in one lifetime. He then shared a doctrine on recurrence and he explained it as a flame. So you have two candles, one goes out "death" and then to another and you get reincarnated into either a higher being or a lower being. And how you were reincarnated depended how you lived your life. And through his doctrines you could live a good life. I have studied his doctrines and living his doctrines you can live a good life. So we will go on from Buddhism because I do not want to spend all day on it, I mean we might come back to bits and pieces of it later but I just wanted to explain the outline to you.

We go on to Eckhart Tolle and he is alive and well today and very inspirational. He is one of the spiritual leaders of the world and he says that the reason that we suffer is because we feel that we should not have to suffer. So I suffer because I feel that I should not have to suffer. And I suffer because I feel that my child should not have to suffer. Or I suffer because I feel that something should not be the way that it is. And through this Tolle suggests that we can get beyond it through acceptance. So if we learn how to accept all things then we are able to get beyond suffering.

This then leads us to Jonah, and if we think back to lecture one where you read Jonah, I asked you to remember his suffering. Do you remember why it was that Jonah suffered? Well there is a few reasons but what we are going to be talking about in this lecture is the vine. God grows a vine for Jonah and it was a wonderful shade to protect him from the scorching sun. And Jonah was pleased and happy. But then the next day the vine withered away by being eaten by an insect or something like that, a worm I think it was. Then Jonah suffers again and goes, "I want to die, you know I can't even get good shade. You give me shade and then you take it away." And God goes to Jonah, "You had nothing to do with this vine. I was the one who presented this vine to you and now that it is gone why are you angry at me? This was never yours to begin with." I want us to think about that in accordance with all of these other topics that we are discussing.

We are now going to speak of the human condition. The human condition is our suffering, and each human from what I perceive and what I understand, is different. The core of it is very similar but we each go through different things and we each experience different things. We each have a different life and we all have the reasons why we do the things that we do. From our experience I am postulating that we have slightly different aspects of this human condition. And this is why one person's wisdom can be different from another person's wisdom and both still be valid. Our human condition is then our battle. This is our life purpose. And this is important because this is the whole purpose of this course. To overcome our human condition is then the purpose in life. Then if you want to share with others your journey to overcome your human condition, you can then best live your life for the future of humankind.

This is another topic that we will speak about later with Why Act Morally?. So why should we do that? But right now what I am saying is that the human condition is something to be overcome and when we overcome it is something to be shared. And when we share it we become "the expressionist" and we then are helping others overcome theirs. And there are so many people out there that need it. So... We need you! We need your overcoming of the condition. I say overcoming and overcome because we can learn from the painter's image within the process of overcoming and not just overcome. So don't say, "oh I will do that when I overcome it", but the process is part of it.

Most people that I see... you got to realise that I am working with the life that I live within the experience that I understand and I see a world of sleepwalkers. The sleepwalkers avoid the fact. They avoid these issues because they take solace in ignorance. This is a blind ignorance; they know that they are ignorant. They choose to be ignorant because they do not want to face these hard topics. And to turn and face your human condition instead of running away from it is no easy task and it in itself will cause more suffering than you could ever imagine until you face it. But once you slay your dragons then are in the best position to stand up and take your life back.

This then is transcendence. And this is the striving that we as humankind must take on. This is the cross that we must bare in order to overcome the human. And the human is something to overcome and become and go beyond. And that is what Nietzsche's life purpose was: beyond good and evil, beyond the self, beyond morality and that was what he was talking about. So how do we do this? Well we have vices. And these vices are the ones that cause our suffering. We obtain these vices, and you can find out what your vices are for when you take them away you will suffer. To find out your vices and then figure out methods to overcome them is facing your dragon. And to find out your vices is no easy task, especially when they have been repressed by your subconscious. When they are hidden away because you don't want to deal with them. When they have been hidden away for so long they become very difficult to find.

So this not something you can snap your fingers: this is a life project. And I am not saying that it is going to take you your entire life. I have just recently overcome. I have continued to overcome. I have become more at every moment. But I have just recently, over the past four or five months accepted and become what I am. And I had to go through much pain and suffering in order to get where I am. And I can't say that I no longer suffer, but suffering is no longer something that I identify with. And this is something that causes our suffering, is identification. And when we identify with the thing as being part of us, we label and compartmentalise our self into this or that. And we then suffer when that suffers. So when you break your phone you suffer because you identified that phone as being part of you. And it is the identifying that causes great amounts of our suffering.

I have an article on this if you would like to read that called, The Identification Process. It is a painting for you to consider. This course is not going to spoon feed you everything. So I might direct you to different places and I might name drop a lot of things, and it is up to you to follow those up. I am introducing you to a lot of these subjects. I understand identification to be heavily connected with suffering. And belief is heavily connected with identification. Therefore you have belief and suffering and they are together like this. And if we remove these and realise what they are, which is nothing because they do not exist - there is no existence to them. They are conceptions that our human condition has created from a result of many different factors. Much I believe... I understand to be part of our society and the way that it conditions us to be, for example using the word "belief" so recklessly. And I myself have been trying to work out of that over the last year or so. Using belief here and belief there. But if you listen to anyone that is speaking around you will notice that it is "believe this, believe that, believe that. And we are all trying with different people through beliefs. And we are unable to effectively then create close relationships because if there is beliefs that conflict, we are then out of that.

But in saying that I am no better with effective relationships. But that is because I do not like beliefs and I don't like when people believe in things that are unhealthy. I will not put myself in a situation that is unhealthy for me. And I learned that through my divorce, and I am not going to go on too much about that, but I choose where I am at all times. And if I am in an unhealthy situation, you see I went through ten years with my ex-wife of an unhealthy relationship. When there is people that passionately commit their beliefs to unhealthy traits then I will not stick around regardless of the circumstances. I live in the wilderness so it does not matter. I will walk away and I am good. But I had to create that for myself. It was a process to get to that point. Because before when I walk away I would suffer and now I am part of. Before I was an outcast of. I won't go on about this, this is my life and this is a course about your life so let's go on.

Through our purpose of overcoming these vices then we are able to create virtues from theses vices. It says in Isaiah 40:28-31 that God will use your weaknesses more than your strengths. If we look at this in consideration this is talking about overcoming this self. And I am a primary example of that. All of this speaking, all of this conversation that I am doing right now was a weakness. I have not been good at speaking. I have spent my life writing because speech was something that I could not articulate in the manner that I desired. However, with writing I was able to contemplate ideas and articulate them in a manner that was most meaningful. But people did not want to read what I had to write. So I was always in a catch-22 because I wanted to communicate through writing and others wanted me to communicate through speech, and I was terrible at speech. But as you see, I have been working and working and working on it. Not only that, the more that I learn and the more that I understand, the more that my ideas are able to flow in a better manner.

You see, my articulation within speech has been difficult for the fact that my brain has always worked so fast that I have been in the position that I would lose my train of thought extremely quickly. So I would go on about something and then I would go, "oh, what were we talking about?" and this would cause many hardships within conversation and I would be treated like I did not know what I was talking about and I would be condescended from that. So this is my awakening to to being able to communicate effectively. Because speech is also one of the expressionist methods and I have been working my whole life on different ways of expression and over the last year I have been working on the ability to speech clear and distinctly and be able to convey my meaning through speech. And the only reason that you are now receiving this video is because I turned that vice into a virtue.

I will end the content of this lecture with an ideal. And that is to become what you are. And if you look at your vices, they are not you. And if you turn those vices into virtues then you are becoming the self that should be realised. We will be speaking about this in a future lecture but the example is an acorn. If you have an acorn and it then gets thrown into the ground and under the right conditions it can realise itself into a tree. And this is the process of the human. We need to, we realise our self, not we need to, we do. We will always be what we are and we have no ability to do any other. So if you become something grand, it is you becoming what you are. And if you don't it is still you becoming what you are and what you are just might not be grand. But the thing is that the human is not an acorn. It is not a tree, it is not a plant, it is a mobile creature. So what I am asserting here is that we are able to move around and position ourselves in the best possible soil for our particular selves. In this way we can become the grandest tree possible. We are not limited by a fluke indecent where an acorn grows in awesome conditions and becomes a marvellous tree. We are not limited by those conditions because we are a mobile and thinking creature. So we are able to become a grand tree and realise our divine selves.

Our first reading is The Book of Job. Job is a strong and faithful follower of the Divine and he gets greatly tested and this is through suffering. He suffers great amounts and then goes to God, "Why am I suffering, why am I suffering, why am I suffering?". And then God basically says, "How are you to know God's plan?". I am not going to go into details about this story because you should read it.

Our next reading is On the Sufferings of the World from Studies in Pessimism by Arthur Schopenhauer. This is Schopenhauer putting through his ideals on suffering and they are very good things to consider. I do want to say that Schopenhauer is a pessimist but he is very inspirational; his words have great meaning. And in some ways I am a pessimist but we can become more. Becoming what you are is no easy task until the time that you become a butterfly. For we have to go into a cocoon and form into the best self that is possible. This will cause copulas amounts of suffer. I want you to suffer so that you no longer have to suffer. And it is this suffering that we are to overcome if we so choose. Otherwise you will be wallowing in your own humanity until the day that you die. And if you have managed to transcend suffering then I congratulate you for that, for that is a very commendable task. And if you have I would recommend that you begin to paint for the world how it is that you overcome that suffering.

We come to an end of lecture three. I hope you enjoyed this lecture and did not suffer too much through it. And I hope it has given you direction as to the cause of suffering. I need to mention that many of these assertions that I am saying are contradictory to the history of Western philosophy, especially in regards to beliefs, for belief in Western philosophy in most cases has been considered a virtue. And through my own experience and interpretations and understandings, I have come to a different point of view about this. So I would like you to be aware that I am not preaching the doctrines of our past philosophers in regards to beliefs but am presenting my own understandings as far as them. However, when they speak of beliefs within Western philosophy, I see what they are saying, but I think that we do not need to hold on to all of those beliefs.

For me, I have one belief and one belief only. We will speak of that in lecture seven. I hope you had fun and stay safe.

 

 

Transcript Lecture 4: Perception and Experience
 

Namaste and welcome to lecture four, perception and experience. In lecture three we lead towards how we have inclinations towards beleifs. In a way if we look at it we don't really have those beliefs but just different degrees of those beliefs. So we are inclined towards something to a certain degree. And when we are at that certain degree then we tend to jump ahead of ourselves to find some absolute truth, and that is where dogmas comes in and following a certain set of guidelines. What we are doing is asserting God before the self, but we will talk about this in the God lecture. But what it is saying is that this tends to revolve us around some absolute, if you remember Crito in lecture one. And this absolute depending on how we revolve around it will affect whether we suffer or whether we go beyond suffering - whether we truly experience what is. But there is a lot of different things that you have to learn for philosophy is vast and it is a life thing.

In lecture two we were leading towards articulation of the abstract by looking at what is not said as well as what is being said then you can understand where the author is coming from. The way we do this is to learn the author and their train of thought and then we can follow what they are saying. And that way we are getting closest to understanding what it is that they are talking. Through that process we become more profound and to some degree reach a higher truth. Even if we don't say something or we say it, it is an entirely different perspective.

That is the end of the recap and now we are going to begin the lecture on experience and perception which we are going to start out with cognition. Res cogitans is our cognition that receives data from our senses so if I get hurt there is going to be electronic impulses sent to my brain to tell me that I am getting hurt. I get bit by a mosquito or I feel a mosquito on me and I get told "hey I need to do something about my leg" and that is why I am slapping every once in a while because I am getting rid of mosquitos because they are all around.

Our senses, through our vision, we are being told what's in the world. There is a tree here and that tree is within my vicinity. And my senses tell me that and I receive that information and then I can work my way around it and make the necessary improvisation like if I am hurting or if there is a mosquito that I do not want to bite me that is on me.

And this is what we call the external world or in philosophy its the phenomena. The phenomena of the world is everything that is within it. And it is within the space/time continuum, we have time and we have space. And according to Kant, which is one of your readings which we will talk about later, time and space is the only things that are a priori, which means before the fact. So in order for experience to be necessary we have to have time and space available for our understanding of experience. So within space and time we have a continuity which is where this tree remains in this similar form over time and I can know that this tree is the same tree that it was yesterday that it is today and I am in the same area that I was before.

So we have this continuity and this then over time creates memory. And this memory is what our experience is. So this painting that our imagination is making is then creating this memory which results as experience. We then make assertions on things to see if they are right so we will dip our finger in the water to see if it is hot. We will test the world and see how it responds. We will trust ourselves in something but this creates misunderstandings a lot. So if a boy climbs up a tree and there is a poisonous snake right beside him but he has not seen the snake then he misunderstands the situation. And if I am talking to you about perception and experience and you are not understanding and not tracking back when you get lost then you might misunderstand what it is that I am trying to convey.

This causes us to learn or to "understand". As a biproduct of all of this stuff that I am talking about we get consciousness which is like the "froth on the beer" I have heard it called, "the wash of the ocean", also "the haze of the world, the haze of everything, the haze". Neurological impulses. And this is where we come to realism and idealism. This course I am going to ammit is pushing a little bit towards an idealist approach however what you have in idealism is that everything is a product of the "spirit" or "consciousness", so they are saying everything is reduced to the mind. So everything exists as the mind perceives it to exist. So then this is sort of leading away from the existence of material objects because all that exists is the mind. In saying this we also get the realist that come back and say "no, everything is reduced to the physical". Which the "physical" is the brain states in which occur. But then how can you reduce neurological impulses to physical and that is where they try to explain.

This then brings us to an external cause which is talked about by Immanuel Kant and you will be reading this for your reading, and he said that there must be something out there because there is an external cause for me doing the things that I do. So what I do, the situations that I am in and what I choose to do is caused externally. So whether we exist or not, whether things exist or not, or how they exist, we don't really know. But we can make assertions on and understand more but we are still only understanding our perception which is a subjective point of view. This subjective interpretation is really all we are given but we try to make it more. And that is what science does is try and make a subjective interpretation into something much more as a"truth". But they combine subjective interpretations. And it does help us know the world around us because we get a common understanding of the thing outside. But it is still only a painting of what is outside. So science is the artist of the painting of science and its classifications that greatly aid us in our understandings.

Now we get the existentialist which then focus on consciousness; what this consciousness is focused on. So we now know what our consciousness is and how it comes about then we are now in the position to study and analyse where our consciousness is focused. And where this is focused is explored by Heidegger who explores where that essence lies and for him it is in the future. We do things for a result of something else. So we are constantly going beyond what we are to get a better result. We can see this if we go to chop wood, we are chopping wood for the result of that wood that we can then use for fire and heat. And if we are making a barrel, he says, we are focused around making that barrel. And I am focused around making this video and this course (writing this transcript). And I am focused around my studies and continuing to learn the human condition and society and how the human condition can best function in society.

And that is what I am going to continue to do. And how to express this meaning to everybody else. And hopefully we can as a group of human, loving, compassionate, and wonderful creatures that can reach so much if we only put our hearts to it. We can become what we are. We can become the tree from the acorn, and right now our tree is dying. But that was not Heidegger's point. Heidegger's point was that we live for whatever it is that we are attempting to achieve. And this acts in small intervals which we are constantly working to get to. I am trying to get passed this sentence and make sense of what I am saying so my mind is then contemplating the words that I need to make this sentence best understandable. {Just like my mind is attempting to transcribe this section using only basic edits to be clearly understood by the public} Heidegger was German and there is some controversial stuff about him so you might want to read up on him.

French philosopher Sartre... He's lucky enough to have a philosophy chick man, he had a lifetime long relationship with Simone de Beauvoir, and she was brilliant just like him. That relationship gives me inspiration, although I am monogamous, but besides that... I really respect that relation, and I want that. But I am going to go on. Sartre was in a war and he was imprisoned but he was just like a weather guy or something and he got captured. But I do not think it was a hugely strict imprisonment from what I have heard, but it was bad. But he then escaped eventually and then started a revolution in France. He spent a lot of his time in coffee shops, analysing and thinking. He started a trend. People started dressing in black and wearing sunglasses talking about these big life subjects.

He said that our consciousness is focused on nothing. He gives an example scheduling to meet a friend at a coffee shop. We go to the coffee shop and we look around and what we see is nothing. Our consciousness blurs out everything that is not important to what we are focused on and is then directed towards what is not there. So what is not there is the object of our consciousness at all times. So if we are looking for our wallet or writing something or trying to speak {or transcribe} , we are constantly focusing what is not there and trying to put into place something to be there. And then we are on to what is not there again because we are always in this nothingness. Then we get to this essence of the person. If you look around at people and you see the waiter or something, what is the essence of this waiter? We then get to a soul. If we look at a soul, if we just assert a soul, we can see a certain level of direction towards their life towards something that they have chosen to do. So this "essence" or this "soul" is certain persuasion or inclination of this energy in a certain direction of where we are going.

This is just one interpretation of what a soul might be. Then we have the question of the immortal soul. If we remember back to Buddhism then we can find that our suffering comes from clinging and desiring and wanting. And if we think about it, this whole wanting more and more and more causes us suffering, so why would we want more life than we are provided. So this life that we are provided then should be enough for us to be happy and content within what we are. So the whole conception of the immortal soul, for me, is a very interesting subject but ultimately irrelevant as it is not a practical matter because we should not be so desiring that because we should be content and happy and joyful within whatever is because if we remember Tolle, we don't want to suffer. And that clinging and desire for what is practically irrelevant is a poor choice of beliefs because it ultimately causes suffering and we are trying to pry away all of this suffering from our lives. So to be content with what is and hope for the best in what is to come is the method that I have adapted, thus the soul can live in accord with itself.

I wanted to end this lecture with some wisdom that I have found personally and I really want to say that this is a personal thing that my life has been geared towards, and there has been steps all along the way. So I do not want to say that this is right or wrong for anybody. At first in my life I figured out how to dominate the physical. I have did martial arts for a very long time and now that I have reached a certain level of martial arts I now practice myself. I am a pacifist, but if there is something then I do not know, because I live in faith so I am not going to commit myself to pacifism, but I strive to be passive in all scenarios. But I was not always like that and I have gotten in some fights with bullies before because they were bullies and not because they were picking on me. So I dominated my physical and I was able to roll around and I was introduced to nature because a lot of what I have done is Ninjutsu. Once I learned my physical and was able to just do what I wanted with my body, anything you know, I have done rigorous training to make my body do whatever I want it to do.

Then I learned how to dominate the mental. This is when I started studying, and a studied and I studied and I studied, and my choice of books became more and more refined into different philosophical matters and I read in many different formats great amounts. So I dominated my mental. But then, especially after the last two years when I was called (which was basically a result of my divorce). It was the call of Jonah because if you remember in lecture one, Jonah running from his destiny. Because I knew what I had to do but I was not prepared to do it and I was not strong mentally, so I then developed my mental apparatus. And once I got to a certain point with that where it was just developing itself, then I could focus my essence that I had on the spirit, which is the spiritual side, which is my soul: the soul is the spirit. And now I do everything that I can and I focus to get my spirit in alignment with God, which we will talk about that with the God lecture. That way that I become as close to that absolute as possible.

If we look at a metaphorical thought experiment, we are all revolving around the sun. We all see different aspects of that sun, and the sun being the possible absolute, or absolute, or objectivity. But the thing is that all of the planets are different distances from the sun. So we are all revolving around that sun but we can see clearly how other people are closer to that sun than other people that are around. So we get different types of people. And these different degrees are the essence of the soul: where the soul is directed.

The way that I perceive and understand it to be is that I align my spirit with the Divine and then everything else is built upon, and I see this happening. So you start with yourself, from your physical to your mental to your spiritual. When you finish training your physical then you train your mental and let your mental control over your physical and then your spiritual control over your mental and physical, and be able to bypass the spiritual to the physical. This is where you get people who go beyond pain and to the most degree I go beyond pain. I do surgeries on myself, I have fixed my teeth. It was like nine thousand dollars of work and now I probably only need one or two, with plyers and a dental set. One day in my life I would like to get cut and then sew it back up, I am not going to try to do that though. {I screwed that one up} The talented person that can do all three and work on all three at the same time, I commend them, but I had to go through a process.

Now we are going to talk about An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding by David Hume. What we see with Hume is that what we get is sense impressions. We see that when we pick up a cup in a certain manner the cup then follows order to be moulded to what we want to do. Let's do this more scientific: if I spit on the ground, wherever I spit on the ground it is going to be wet. If then I spit on the ground enough times and it is always wet where I spit on the ground then I am going to begin to understand that whenever I spit on the ground it is going to be wet. So we are getting these impressions, like 1, 2, 3, and then we gain understanding from these impressions that are given to us. We can then make experience: this is where empirism comes from which is then developed into science and induction. So they then observe what happens when you do one thing and what is the reaction? So they then observe the reactions, and when you do it so many times then it becomes something that you can call a principle.

This is how our knowledge is built and we make all of these classifications. In saying this we need to think that these are only impressions and that experience itself can not say anything to be true because we do not know the other causes and effects. So if we see that I flick a lighter on and I see the flint spark and then the lighter come on, I know that the flint striking created a spark which then the gas was combined with to make a flame. But we do not know all of the other factors. We have oxygen, the amount of oxygen in the air and there is many many other factors that we can observe and try to learn from what we can experience through our senses, but outside of our senses then we have no idea about because we do not perceive everything. We are only perceiving in certain perspectives.

So those are the ideas and I know that this lecture was probably a difficult one and there is a lot of ideas here and if you struggled with any of them then I really recommend that you go back and review them again because they are very complex subjects and they are not something for us to take lightly. This will have an effect on where we go next with our lecture on existence and knowledge. Whether we do exist or if we do exist then why? We are going to be looking at that. And as a result of what we are given what can we say to know? Can we have any knowledge in anything and this is what we are going to be looking at in the next lecture and we have some more good readings that will be coming from that. So I hope you enjoy those readings and if you need anything just contact me on my website and we can talk anything out. Stay safe.

 

 

Transcript Lecture 5: Existence and Knowledge
 

Greetings and welcome to lecture five, existence and knowledge. It is a Sunday today, the day of rest, the day of our Lord. And I wanted to start this lectures to speak about the Jews {Hebrews}. This is the day of the Sabbath, the day that God passed over our souls. This came from the last plague when they were slaves in Egypt when Moses set them free. It also comes from the day of rest in which God reflected on His creation, and it was good. So there is meaning behind the things that we do and it is good to look at that meaning and respect that meaning.

I want to now reflect on the Jews and their subjugation that they have gone through throughout our history and I want us to think about that so their subjugation, death, and massacres will not be in vain. Let us remember the six million under the rule of Hitler. Let us just reflect on how they were slaves in Egypt and later on were dispersed and for their beliefs in God, which is the ten commandments, they have been persecuted and throughout our history been treated less than human. And we need to learn how to go beyond that because our fellow man is the only thing in this life that matters, and our insanity to subjugate and oppress that fellow man is what we need to learn to overcome. So let's just understand the topic that we are dealing with, and that is what we are going to be going through today is history. And we need to respect what it is that we are touching on. And as far as the Jews, I am very sorry as my part of being the human race. And I will not sit back and let something like that happen to me, if I see an atrocity I will do everything I can to prevent that and I will do everything I can to help you to your promise land.

Okay, its Sunday so we are going to relax. We are going to relax this lecture. So just sit back and let this lecture come to you. Just listen out to these ideas and just be receptive and we are going to take it slow. We do have a lot of material to cover but I want you to realise the topic that you are dealing with. It is philosophy and you have your entire life to sort through these topics. So to introduce you to this incredible and enormous history is but a tip of the iceberg so if you just let the ideas come in and out of your head they will be repeating over your time invested into philosophy. But this will just give you a general overview about some of its history.

As far as online learning, this course that I have set out for you has all come together from a long time of study. Everything in my mind started linking. I have been doing online learning in different methods for a lot of my life. I have been doing university external, it is not really online but I download the lectures on the Internet and I get sent the material and then I read the material and I listen to the lectures. I have done a lot of different types of external studies and I am trying to present this with the best of what I have been receptive to. Not only that, you are not limited to any time with this. You have a pause button there and I encourage you to make use of that pause button whenever you want. You can walk away and come back to it later. These are online and free for you so you can make use of them as you will. Just go through the material slowly. If you only want to do a lecture and readings a month, if that is the amount of material that you can go through and understand then that is fair. I would recommend doing more then that (maybe one a week). But schedule it your own way. You have a lifetime to tackle these subjects.

I am going to tell you the entire key to this subject that will put your mind to rest, so any time you get a little bit confused with what I am talking about, just fall back on this, and that is that we know nothing. As I am talking about these subjects at any time just think, "okay, well we know nothing". So that will help reorientate your mind back to what type of subject we are talking about. Also you can download these lectures in MP3 format so you can then listen to them on your iPod or something like that, so anything that you can do to make your learning easier for you, I recommend you to employ those methods.

Philosophy is a lifelong commitment whether you are just starting out now or you have a little bit of background, they are topics that will go over your head throughout your life. So even if you are starting out, these topics will continue to haunt you through your life even if you do not continue after this course.

The content of this lecture is going to be going through our history and what we have come to try to know. There is going to be a lot of culture involved here because there is a lot of different groups and a lot of dispersion between these groups, and aliens. So there is a lot of multi-culture that begins to happen and culture conflicts so we need to think about that when these philosophies are being presented. And throughout most of our history we have had wars and there is wars going on through most of this time. A lot of times there is ten years of peace here, ten years of peace there, and sometimes there is longer times... We have a very brutal history and I am hoping that our future can go beyond that.

We will start out with the ancient Greeks and they focused on mythology. When we think of mythology today we think "oh that means its rubbish" and that is not true. The way mythology worked is that they structured characters similar to real people. So their god's were similar to real people, they lived lives and had bodies. But not all of them were immortal but they had characteristics of humans that were heightened: enhanced. And through these characters they told stories and they did that through poems and plays. These stories would give some deeper meaning into a certain aspect of humanity; human life and what we are to do with it. So these were inspirational poetic pieces of work that were trying to portray a deeper meaning about humanity and not necessarily about worshipping a god. That is why it is not called religion. But in saying that a lot of people did worship these god's and thought of them as everyday existing characters who they needed to please and sacrifice to etc...

That was mythology and over that time you started to get the Sophist. And Athens had a big influence on intellectual freedom and the Sophist were the teachers of their time. The teachers would charge for learning but they would teach individuality. They taught that man is the measure of all things and what is right for one is not necessarily right for another, and they taught that in all things. So there is no absolute good at all and man is everything. And that is what the Sophist taught.

And then you had the Stoics and Zeno started that and what they would do was teach rigorous training on the body and mind so that they can become tranquil in all that happens: all events of experience. Around that time we also had Hericlitus and he taught that everything was composed of simple substances and there was one simple substance that was composed of everything and that was fire. And there was fire somehow within everything. Other philosophers around this time have said that it is water or earth or something like that. They have categorised these simple substances and now we see that in the result of the periodic table. But the periodic table is still only the substances that are known and perceivable by human.

Around this time as well was Democritus and he taught that the most simple substance was an atom and everything was composed and formed of an unfathomable amount of that have composed themselves in certain manners. And now we see and understand that in science. So these were ideas that go way back. But now we are able to observe more than we were able to observe at that time through technology, so we know more about it.

Around this time you have Buddha (Siddartha Gatuma) but this was over east so this was not integrated at all, but you might hear some of the same ideas that come from it. Then Socrates was around that time too, and Socrates taught that there was an absolute good and we were on a search to find that absolute good. And how are we going to do that? And he did that the Socratic method which is a discourse: talking to someone, out and through a topic. And usually the way these discourses go is Socrates goes, "this is this and this is that, is that right?" and they go, "yes, yes". So most of his people are "yes men" but every once in a while not so much. But that is the Socratic method and we are able to logically form conclusions based upon that.

Then we have his disciple Plato, and we have read some of him in The Symposium and we will talk about him next lecture as well. But he said that everything is a shadow; the world is a shadow. And the way that he explains this is the allegory of the cave. He says that we are all chained in a cave facing a wall. And behind this wall is a fire and there is people (our captors) walking behind and around the fire and it is casting shadows onto the wall that is before us. So we are spending our entire lives looking at this wall and only seeing shadows of what life really is, and what everything really is. We spend our lives then breaking out of our chains and being able to walk around the cave and see that the shadows were cast from the fire from observation. And then we are able to walk out of that cave and see an entire different world.

So for Plato what was knowledge is the ideal behind the thing. And that is the image of the thing; he called it forms or ideas. And this was a true knowledge for Plato because it was like an imprint or general mould for the thing. So we see if we make cookies and we use a certain cookie cutter, all of the cookies still turn out different. But you use the same cookie cutter for it. So it is like the form to make the cookies. And that is the perfect knowledge that we should strive for. And that is the spiritual for Plato as well. Just as if you look at a tree you are only looking at one perspective of a tree, you are not looking at the entire tree. Then you have to question what makes a tree. The "treeness" of a tree makes a tree even though each tree is different. Just like we can not see all sides of a cube: it is not possible. But we know what a cube is just by seeing a simple depiction of a few sides of that cube.

Aristotle gets into ethics and categories. For knowledge for Aristotle we can compartmentalise categories. I will give an example of a justice question but then we will translate it into knowledge, but we will come back to it later on Why Act Morally?. If I have a guitar that I would like to give away for free, let's say that it is the best guitar in the world and I spent my life making it and I want to go give it away because I want it to be used as the best guitar in the world. Who we are going to give that guitar should be the best guitar player in the world. So the best guitar in the world would make the most beautiful music if we gave it to the best guitar player in the world. Well what constitutes a guitar player? And then what constitutes a "best" guitar player? So we have to look how to divide these things up. Then we have genus and species. So a guitar player consists of this, this, and this. It further breaks down into amateur, intermediate, and advanced. And then you either achieve certain goals to get beyond those levels or you just fall into them for what you are. This is a true knowledge because then we are able to divide everything up and this is where science is able to analyse and document detailed information about what we have.

The hedonistic ascetic Epicurus gains exposure and he says that we should find our happiness through not clinging (similar to Buddhism) and that is through having the minimal necessities. Let's say you eat a lot, you indulge, it is more difficult to stop indulging when your indulging. So if you resist indulging then you no longer have the desire to indulge. So you are able to have the minimal necessary and still be happy, for when you are drinking water that is appreciated for water because you need water, then that water is the water of life. It makes you more appreciative of what you have. And we will talk about this later because this is an important topic. But he ascribed to the theories of Democritus, which if we remember was atoms. Then we go on to the "neo" (new) reformations such as neo-epicureans, neo-stoics, etc... We have all of the different off casts of the originals.

Then Jesus comes and teaches the end of suffering through suffering on the cross. But his teaching is his life and not his death. And then we have many interpretations of those teachings of Jesus, and one of those interpretations then is Gnosticism which is about finding true knowledge through a type of secret understanding which could be found through the path of searching and finding the right material to read so that you could possess the correct understanding.

Then you have Paul who kind of organised religion. Jesus was born as a Jew and his people were Jews so he was under the Law of Moses which true knowledge was the ten commandments and the adherence to strict laws that followed those ten commandments. Then he preached something that was a little bit different so you then have the Jews being reserved about his teachings. Then you have the Gentiles who were called the "God fearers" who were wanting to find solace in God and the Gentiles were grouped between mostly Greek but also Roman; it was mixed. And Paul said Jesus is for everybody and "everybody" is the Gentiles because he relates it to a word that was used in the Old Testament. So then he says through the sufferings of Jesus on the cross (who is God) died for each man's sin and the cross then regained our place in heaven. This is a very profound thought and it is a good thing to think about but in doing this, Paul created three God's from One; following a polytheistic religion but claiming it as monotheism. But I do not know, there is a lot of different factors involved with Paul, but either way you look at it Paul established what has developed into the modern day church which the Roman Catholic church embraced.

And then we have the Dark Ages because that was church rule. And for a long time no one was thinking and no one was daring to think because the church ruled the ideas of the people because they rule the state as well. We get very little works from the Dark Ages. And eventually people start to think again and that is where we get St. Augustine and Aquinas. And they are trying to think out God because God is given to them as the Ultimate and they get persecuted or become a heretic if they think any different. And they might get martyred or imprisoned for that. So it is something if they do bring up the ideas then they have to reject or pay extreme consequences for.

Then through that you are getting Galileo and Copernicus and people saying things like "the Earth is not the centre of the world" and causing controversy about that because that then screws up the idea of their own perception of God. And then the printing press comes and this starts a whole big thing because instead of scribes writing it out, its really easily available and cheap to produce to everybody. And this started a whole line of thought and then we get Descartes who opened up a whole bag of worms by dividing the mind and the body. And Descartes will be one of our readings for this lecture but we will talk about that later. He questioned knowledge and what we could truly understand and his conclusion was that he exists because he thinks. Cogito ergo sum, which means I think therefore I am.

Then we have Locke who looks at empiricism and that is experience. So we are starting to look at experience now; we are looking at the "I" that Descartes through in there. Locke looks at the blank slate and he says that everybody starts with a blank mind and then they take from the world and ascribed to that slate experience and that slate then gets built. So the soul and the I and the me becomes something clear at the beginning and through time changes to make that slate what it is.

And then we have Hume who says that everything is through perception of sequential events. I light a match when a stove is turned on and I expect the gas to unite with the flame and create a fire. And I do that so many times and I come to know that those two things are going to happen. And if it doesn't happen then I look for reasons why its not happening. So if it doesn't happen then I look to see if the gas is on. That then developed science a great deal because then we started to look at the sequential events and document that; so this is this empiricism thing. The ultimately statement though that Hume was saying is that we can never trust the event to continue to happen because we do not determine the laws that are surrounded by them nor can we have any idea whether there are any additional laws that we can not perceive because we are only being of certain senses. We can't say that things don't exist because they might. We can't say that black swans don't exist but they said that before they came to Australia and found the black swan. So we are always for what's not.

Berkeley was a subjective idealist that believed his mind was reduced all to subjective experience; a product of the mind which is part of the spirit of everything which constituted the physical reality. The physical reality was a bi-product of the mind instead of the mind being a bi-product of the physical reality. And this is one of our readings. We need to question whether it is that this "outside reality" which we hold so dearly and definitively, actually exist. And if it does exist then how does it exist? And how can we say it to exist? We get some of these answers from our last lecture with Kant but we will speak about that later.

Hegel believed that everything was God's consciousness coming together. Like human reason, thought, understanding, ideals, everything was God's consciousness coming together. Kierkegaard comes out and starts to look at individuality because he notices that yes, it is true that everything works as a whole, but there is individuality in everything. And it is our own destiny, to be a Christian does not mean what the orthodox church says it means. It is our destiny to accept our burdens and make the best of them that we can in life. To be a true Christian is to truly walk for God and not what the church does.

So now we are getting now diversity within this whole "God" thing. Hume and Voltaire were controversy in it all. It is starting to become known that some people might not necessarily believe in this "God" figure. Some were getting persecuted, like Hume got bricks thrown at his house and I think there was a fire started. But there are starting to exist the people.

We then have Kant, and we read a selection of Critique of Pure Reason last lecture, as we have seen he is questioning existence and perception (he is following on Berkeley's argument which we will be reading) and he is explaining how through an idealist method (Berkeley) we still can claim some existence to be there. And he does this through saying what is a priori (before the fact) of experience. And that is that time and space are before my experience because they make experience possible because without time and space and the continuity between time and space we would not be able to have experience, so we can know there is some external factor there that is causing our existence or our dealings within that existence.

Spinoza then develops pantheism which is the idea that God is in everything and it will probably resonate some of my words as this goes on especially as we reach lecture seven and one of the readings, but as God is in everything all we need to learn how to do see that God and resonate our spirits within that God that is in everything.

Nietzsche said, okay if we have killed the concept of God then where are we going to fall back on? What do we know and what can we trust to fall back on? So how can humanity rebuild morals depending on what we know outside of God. And this is his big question and his statement, "God is dead" that shakes up everybody. But this is his question. So if we are not going to rely on a god then how are we going to treat our fellow human being.

We also have people analysing words and Wittgenstein analysed words a great deal. We have mathematics going on too so we have different areas of philosophy developing at this same time with their struggle with the question of God, and knowledge, and existence (whether we exist or not).

Then we are lead to Hurrsell who studied phenomenology and that is the outside external res extensa of the world: the things of the world. And this brings then Heidegger and he questions where our consciousness is focused and that is in the future ahead of itself which we spoke of in the last lecture. Heidegger also had a pupil, Hannah Arendt, and they had a love affair a few times. It is interesting because he was part of the NAZI party and she forgave him for that {she was Jewish}, but he did get her out of Germany in a difficult time, so they were close.

And Hannah Arendt did a lot of good in philosophy and a lot of good for women. And not just that but Simone de Beauvoir was around that time and she started pulling off the rose tinted glasses of oppression of women. So slowly you can see this ungripping of oppression but the thing is that you are always going back. So its grip might tighten and loosen. But we are slowly developing as a race and even though it might not manifest in every single individual, the collective understanding of everything is a growing and sharpening tool.

Alan Turing looks at the mind and how that can be compared to a computer. And then we are starting to analyse the mind like a computer and then building computers what we are analysing the mind off of and then we get this great technology.

We get then Freud studying this subconscious and unconscious, so repressed ideas. This comes from the question of the "I" that Descartes threw in the loop. "I think therefore I am", but Sartre says "essence is before existence", so there is a fault with that thinking. But then Freud is looking at what is behind that existence was part of the essence, and that is the unconscious and the subconscious. We get the different levels of activity within consciousness. So consciousness is not just one stream but multiple streams. Like different dimensions within that one consciousness.

Goebbels was investigating how to control the masses through product placement and different methods of media through repetition and simple messages that might not be completely understood on the conscious level but over time of repetition, it will be understood. And then Bernays hones in on this using some of those ideas and Freud's unconscious and subconscious. And then he booms capitalism. From the Industrial Revolution we had a means to produce massive amounts of good so then capitalism becomes a mass production. Through different techniques he reaches the subconscious and unconscious to express this individuality through different objects, and those objects can be a lot of different objects. And that is why we have a lot of variety of objects. There is no one person that has the same things as another person. I mean you might share certain things but most people have a lot of different types of things and they express their individuality by those things.

This shirt that I have, it was a gift actually from a good friend, but it expresses my individuality and that is why I wear it. But this then made one forget about the individuality of the self; of their own personal experience and how they have built that experience. And this is how capitalism controls the masses and the ones who see through it are alienated and oppressed; attempted to be quietened. So we can see sort of how history has developed through all of this. It is a difficult life, I mean this is our history. This is what has built us. I mean there is a lot more to it than this, I am just giving you an overview of the history of philosophy and a little bit on religion.

In 400 or 450 {570-632} you also have Muhammad and he saw the prophets being true prophets but corruptions being in Paul and other interpreters and saw that they were worshipping three god's. So he then says that God is one God. And Islam means to entirely devote oneself and not spread ourselves thin by worshipping more than one God.

That is how everything has come together. And there is a lot of stuff that I forgot. Everything links and it is good to know these things. But at the end of the day after all of this is said, the only that we know is that we know nothing. And that is what this shirt says, "The only thing that I know is that I don't know anything. Socrates". And this is from Greece, and it is actually from a Greek friend that I have. Thanks Irini for the shirt by the way.

That is where we are and what we need to look at is the test of time. The important text, the ideas that come from text, from the expression of the painter will go through rigorous testing of time. And it will either make it or not. So the material that you read is either going to go in the trash of humanity or on a pedestal or as a piece of mediocre work that is just archived, so there is the options. The trashy novels that are out there, I am trying not so critical, but the trashy novels that are out there and the things with very little meaning or none or poor meaning or immoral meaning; things that do not help humanity at all but are made to kill time, those are not going to stand the test of time at all. These articles in current affairs and all of these things that people think are critical issues are not things that will stand the test of time. And whether a philosophy will hold up or not will demonstrate itself in time. So whether or not I go down in history will show itself. And I believe that I will, but at the same time I do not care. I am only living the best life that I can. But my ideas will either spread or be shot down. And either result is for the best of humanity because the ideals of humanity will guide it or the corruptions of those ideals will destroy it. And one of those is going to happen not only to my work and all of the other philosophers of the world's work. But also our entire humanity.

So I hope you have enjoyed this lecture. I want you to relax. Relax through this material. I know last lecture was quite difficult. It is quite difficult to stand back and look at how you see things. But it is an important skill to obtain because once we do that we can then modify our unhealthy habits and make them into virtues.

I will leave you with this question. Imagine being in a room and speaking with the author of a typical modern book. Now imagine being in a room and speaking with the author of one of these grand books that we have been going through. How different would those two situations be? So let us relate that back to the question of time. For time will tell everything for it will either destroy us or it will help us flourish. And the only way for it to help us flourish is if we go back to evolving as human individuals with a perception and understanding of what knowledge could and might be.

I want us to again consider Plato and his work Crito that we read in the first lecture. Through Socrates Diatoma said that a man is not ignorant or wise but somewhere in between. And we are always at some point in that spectrum of ignorant and wise. And we are never either way on either side entirely. So if you are wise there is no reason to search for wisdom. If you are entirely ignorant, like in the fall of man, then you might be persuaded to break out of that ignorance, and I persuade you all to break out of that ignorance. We have already eaten the apple and it is time to learn all that we can so that we can progress as human and take our god-like inheritance with knowledge and God, or what we understand them to possibly be.

 

 

Transcript Lecture 6: The Seeker
 

Greetings and welcome to lecture six, "The Seeker". We have been getting a lot of information lately and we are halfway there, but as Zeno says, we can never be halfway there because once we are halfway there we are no longer halfway there and we must draw another line. But in saying this, most of the content has been spat out and now we are just going to be connecting the dots. So if you are worried about the content, there is not heaps of it left. We just got to ride the slide down now that we have walked up to it. So I hope your ride down the slide is enjoyable.

What we have been talking about is res extensa and res cogitans. The res extensa is the extended thing, the phenomena of the world, the outside thing. Res cogitans is the cognition, consciousness, the inside thing, it is the mind. So we are talking about a mind/body and we are looking at relationships between that mind and body. We get idealism which then deduces the physical into the mind. So the physical is a result of mental states. The materialist say that the mental is reduced to the physical manifestations. We have talked a lot about idealism and you have read a lot about idealism but we have not really done much on materialism, realism, I have heard it called physicalism before.

Libnitz claimed the most simplest substance was a monad and this monad is the smallest particle of a thing. And then these monads act in accord with one another. They are not a causal relation but instead act freely: not interacting at all. He says that there is a central "queen" monad, and he thinks that is the soul. Which still leaves us in the dark; that doesn't answer to many of our questions. But I thought that I would present to you a material view of this situation since we have been looking through ideal views. I am more persuaded with idealism than realism, however I think there is a synthesis of the two.

So we have been doing online learning. I have been in university for a long time now, since 2002. I did have some times that I had to work and I couldn't do university but I then did diplomas while I did that. I did part-time a lot too, but I did external. Which means they sent their books to me and I download the lectures. So I am learning this whole online thing and the material that I am giving and what I am giving you resources to, I am trying to better everything that I have done. And everything that I have done is paid but this is not paid, this is free. So I want you to feel free to email me about anything that you would like to talk about and we can talk these subjects through.

I am not like one of those university professors. I am not a status person, I am looking you as a human being. Because you are a fellow sufferer and part of mankind, and that is the light that I am looking at you. The professors in university and every teacher that ever comes along that I have experience with is not doing this. They want to present their information and be done with you. And that is not my considerations: I am not here to do that. For these questions will haunt us for all of our days and if we learn to tackle these questions then we can then build upon what it is that we know. And that is why talking about these questions is important. We are in a real world and this is real life study and there is going to be an exam at the end of this course, so just want you to be aware of that.

I care about you and I care about your soul only second to my soul. And I would like your soul to be as pure as possible because that is the exemplar of human beings. And I am going to be an exemplar at every stage and second that I can manage to actually become that and I encourage you to do that as well.

We have gone through a lot of information over the last two lectures so the only information that we will be talking about here, to the most degree, is about you. For the seeker is you whether you realise it or not. So what we need to do is become conscious that we are the seeker. And I will teach you why you are the seeker. If you have gotten through this far in the course then you are a seeker like me. But everybody is a seeker and we can see this clearly in everyday actions.

When we wake up we look for the clock to see what time it is, so we seek for the clock. We seek where we are going to put our hand to pull the sheets away from our beds. We then seek to get our clothes and then to go into the shower we seek the towel. If we want toast then we seek the toaster, the bread, and all of the commodities that we might put on toast. And once we find them, so after the seeking is done then we are no longer concerned about the task of finding them because the item is found. But if we do not find don't find them then we get agitated for not being able to find them. If you lose your wallet or something this can be a very frustrating thing, and you will look everywhere and it turns out to be somewhere that you should of probably known anyway.

But this is the process that everybody is going through. They are seeking and they are seeking. So they search and then they find. After they find they must interpret. So you must interpret the information that you found. Then you have to convey that information if any of that is relevant to another person. And then we have to learn how to convey that in the manner that would be understood by the other. We then discuss it with that other and through this discussion we then find out what the other person knows about it. We can then elaborate and if we have a confusion we start an argument. And that argument then might settle a situation and clear up any misunderstandings within that situation. Then we make a harmony of our two voices and our two understandings from what it is that we were talking about. This harmony takes into considerations both perspectives and makes a unison out of it.

After this process then we can compose a method to describe what it is that we just solved. And we can do this through different types of expression and that is where the painter comes in. Then we must perform. So if the understanding does not have any practical application then there is no result of that understanding and was not a useful topic to focus in on to practically apply to the world. These are the things that we are constantly doing.

I will talk of an everyday situation that might happen. So if you are sitting on the computer and then your mother comes in and says, "Well, what is the time?". And then you look at the computer and you say, "It's 10:15". We went and we searched: you looked on the computer to find out the time. You interpreted that time from your understanding from the concept of time. And then you conveyed your interpretation to your mother. Your mother then brings up the discussion, she says, "It can't be 10:15, it feels much much later." So then she brings up an argument from the discussion and then you feel it must be 10:15 because the computer says it is and it couldn't lie to you and you have no reason to think it lies to you, so you then hold true to 10:15.

What can happen is you feel threatened by the argument. And when you feel threatened by the argument and your pride comes in, and you become arrogant about the situation and this brings upon self-righteousness. This argument that was once just a discussion of just basic value to assist necessities within our lives then becomes a problematic situation. You say, "No, it must be 10:15. I am almost positive it is 10:15." Maybe even you even some reason say you "know" it is 10:15 because you had another experience that made you think that it was around that time. And then it turns out that daylight savings time happened and you were both unaware of that, you both forgot about that. So then, "Oh, it was actually 11:15, my bad".

So then after the discussion you came to the conclusion that there was an issue that needed to be resolved and through that you make a harmonisation of "what is" or what is closer to be accurate. And then from there you can compose the accurate data and resolve the situation. So that is how it works on a functional level. We should be thinking about this because if we want to be healthy then we need have healthy reactions towards our meaning and communication within the world.

So we are constantly searching and through this we then "create!" because we combined different things to make something else. We have a whole bunch of stuff in the world and we take some of that stuff to make other things and perform certain functions within this world. So we are the creators because it is our nature to be creators because our created is also a creator.

I have heard life and the search being compared with having cards. So you are dealt a certain set of cards and you have to play that hand the best that you can. You don't have a choice of that hand and there is not really much that you can do about that hand. But you need to play that hand the best that you can. We do understand that a lot of people that have bad hands do really good in poker. So we are sort of learning how to live this life. I have heard it interpreted too as you only having one set of hands until you find that right person, you gain another hand at least from some perspective. And you can mix and match cards and play around with them and sort of combine the cards to give yourself a more complete and appropriate set for development.

And this is what I strive for and I accept nothing less. And that is why I do not look at females twice because the females that are around anywhere are not going to be of this calibre. It is something that I search for through means of my intellectual property, which is then the website. I am looking for my One through my ideas because my one through my physical is not appropriate for the one that I desire that can help me become and develop into the best person that I can be. And this person I want is both of the most physical and intellectual beauty, for they too, their soul will scream their physical. I want the whole kit and caboodle and I will accept nothing less. And I am happy being alone for the rest of my life if that is what happens. But there is two sets of cards but as it stands we are only given one and for someone to have two sets of cards stands almost impossible: an out there idea that is only actualised in a few people's lives. To get that one that they can combine lives who share the same passions but also desire to gain passions too and that is where we come to harmonise two different individuals into one.

I have gone on too much about relationships and this is not about relationships. We can consider it actors in a play. I have heard people call Shakespeare just a soap and you know what, it is! But the thing is is that each of these characters are portraying deeper meaning that can help us understand something within the human situation. Of courses our current soaps are nowhere of the caliber of Shakespeare but his plays are like a meaningful soap opera. But of course you do not have Shakespeare's writing these cheap shows.

We have got the keyhole perspective, which is Sartre again. Before I talk about the keyhole I want to talk about Sartre man, this guy was a ladies man. He did not only get beautiful women but he got beautiful women that had beautiful minds as well. I think he is a interesting guy and a lucky guy, but I think he should of stuck with one. He should of went the monogamy way. Hannah Arendt and Simone de Beauvior and I am sure there is a whole bunch more brilliant women that he's had his hands on. So, back to women, it is always back to women!

If I am doing my job right hopefully I am starting to wake you up. If you can start stretching now and rub your eyes and look around then you might be able to see what it is that you are doing. And if you can see what it is that you are doing then you can modify what it is that you do to the best of your ability to optimise the self that you so desire.

The keyhole... Talking about Sartre and women but not the keyhole... I am going to go back to the keyhole. We will talk about waking up in a sec, okay. We are looking through a keyhole and we are looking at someone else doing something on the other side and then someone else comes along up the stairs and looks at us looking through the keyhole. I then become "realised" about someone looking at me and I become awkward and think about what it is that I am doing. What am I doing and how I am looking to other people while I am doing it? So then you get embarrassed. But someone comes up to look at the guy that is looking at you at you looking at the guy in the keyhole. So we are always being looked at, and then that is where I was talking about waking up. We need to stretch our legs and get out there so that we can develop our human existence together in unison instead of fighting so much. This is our problem; this is our human condition. Are we going to go beyond it or we just going to continue to wallow in the pains of our past follies? That is the question.

At the end of the day what you got to do is you got to paint your life. There is blemishes on this painting and there is always times that you just think that those blemishes just are not worth it. You make those black marks. The reason those black marks on the painting are there is because you spent some conscious activity to put them there. So to get rid of them or to adapt them to become beautiful is not an easy task. But we can. We can do that. We can accept our follies for what they are and then look at them and then learn how to tweak them to transcend them into virtues instead of follies. And that is how to paint a life to get a result of a work which is going to stand the test of time. And to stand the test of time it is going to have to be of effort. It is not going to be an easy thing.

We are going to have to think through what it is that we are doing. And this is the seeker. So the seeker seeks the highest good. The seeker has woken up to his or her seeking, and their seeking before only sought menial mundanities in life. And now the conscious seeker then becomes a seeker of the highest good. So in everything that one does a highest good is sought. And as one looks for the clock that they use to tell the time, they are not only looking at the clock but the idea of the clock and the nature of that clock which is created by human. In a recursive fashion we can start to understand the whole from each individual thing that we interact with.

We will stop there with the content of the lecture and I will talk about the relevant readings. We have two today. Our first author is definitely a seeker. In Reminiscences of My Childhood and Youth by George Brandes we are explained his childhood and youth and it is a piece of work that I greatly appreciate that he shared into my life that inspires me to continue on the path that I have chosen. There is a lot of material out there that does this but this is a good one and I hope you enjoy.

We got another treat for you today by Hermann Hesse. Siddhartha is a seeker but he is not looking for dogmatics. He is around the time of Buddha so then he goes out and seeks Buddha and he finds him. They then converse and it is this conversation that I really want you to take note of. The main reason why I am including this reading is because there is two highly spiritual people who are conversing and it is a heart feeling experience to reflect on the words of two wise men that are talking on a different level than our mundane chit chat that we normally do. And it is really interesting the content too so I want you to enjoy this, this is a treat; it is a good part of it.

I think that is all I have today. I do want to say that we have the choice. We always have the choice. The human is given one choice in life and life is every single second that exists. These seconds are the choice to do good or to do wrong. What you understand to be good and wrong might be different then what another decides is good and wrong. But that is part of the glory of human and we work out errors in that manner. So if you find your highest good and we share those highest goods then we can make a synthesis and both come to better understandings of what is good and what is not.

But at the end of the day we have a road here. And it just started. We can either choose to walk this road or just sit down and watch TV the rest of our lives. Which would you prefer?

 

 

Transcript Lecture 7: God
 

Greetings and welcome to lecture 7. I am not going to lie, I have been looking forward to this lecture. There is a lot of topics that I wanted to talk about. Start off with Alcibiades in the recommended reading that I pointed out last lecture if you want to go and do your own research which you can get on Plato's Symposium. There is an Alcibiades speech at the end of it that we didn't get to yet in our required reading in lecture two so I recommend you go and get that from either the Gutenberg Project or LibriVox. You can get the electronic version or the audio version. Go through discourse that Alcibiades speaks of about how he is seeing Socrates as the ideal man that he so understands and desires to be but can't actualise. And that is how most of us are in the world is we see that image of what we aspire to be but we can never become that image. The discourse is leading into our strife to be that form of that idea that we have of the most virtuous and greatest person that we can conceive of. But to actualise that process is a different matter. And I want us to think about that before we go in the topic of God.

In the beginning of Greek culture it was polytheist but it was revolved around mythology, which these were gods that had lives similar to humans but with god trait characteristics. And they all portrayed some type of meaning and they had storytelling and plays and other types of things that were revolved around portraying the stories of the gods. And these stories then portray some deeper meaning through the use of some situations which human can learn from by a certain virtue or folly that is committed through the actions of the god's. We can see this also in Hinduism with multiple gods having different functions and roles within their schematics and their roles portraying some deeper meaning of humanity that we can relate to.

And then we get the monotheistic perspective which comes from polytheism with one God. This was actually told to Abraham that all of these other god's that are within the spectrum of polytheistic religions are actually false idols because "I" am only one. And his name was El. That was the ruler of all of the god's, so he was cutting himself to the other god's. Then Abraham spread to Moses who lead the Jews (Hebrews) towards the promise land.

We then get different perspectives on our ideologies about God. For example, the idea behind Bacchae (Dionysus) was similar to that of Jesus, which is that he is the son of God who died and then rose again to save you from yourself. And the way that you need to save yourself is through baptising and believing in him. So these conceptions were not necessarily new when Jesus came. In addition, there is Mythras which is another god with has a similar story.

We will investigate the philosophy now. We have the argument of design, which we live in a beautiful world and everything seems to be positioned very very articulately like it was a higher design, which served a particular purpose. Just like as we were to create, the humans go by their nature and create. Looking back at nature's nature we can also see that that is creating. That is a type of design implementation that must have a designer. This is closely connected with the first cause, which there must be a first cause because every reaction has an action and nothing can create itself, so their must of been something to create all of this that neither needed to be created or destroyed that it too could create. So that is the first cause,; the chicken or egg perspective. And whatever that first cause was is God.

Then we have Pascal's Wager, which Pascal say's well, if I believe in God and I am wrong, it does not matter. If I do not believe in God and I am right, it does not matter. But if I am wrong then I have that much to lose.

Then we have the problem of evil. Why is there evil in the world? There must be no God. The reply to that is that evil necessitates good for without evil there would be no good. However, this argument necessitates that God is a benevolent and omniscient God. So we are assuming a few things with these perspectives. Additionally we see that "God" does not manifest Himself in the world as something that we can comprehend as a manifestation of God, therefore there is no God.

We see suffering and we see in nature also suffering, so suffering appears everywhere and if all of this suffering exists then how can God exist? Or if God does exist then maybe He is not worth following if He allows all of this suffering to occur. Additionally, there is the perspective that God exist but there is no hell because a loving God would not condemn anybody. This also leads us to Pantheism, which is God is in everything and that we can align ourselves with that everything to be within and part of God. As far as our suffering nature, we have been given equipment to utilise if we so desire . We have the ability to overcome the problems in which we face but it requires us to face those problems in order to go beyond them. This is not saying God or no God. This is just the fact that there is something there and we can choose to or not to. And this choice is really matters in everybody's life. And that is one of the themes of the course.

With Pantheism we are led to a "whole" being observed. And this whole is seen from the individual. So we perceive such an individual and unique anything, because everything is so individual and unique, and we can identify it as a whole. So if we see a dog that is very specific and unique and has its own little personality traits that are quite cool, it is still a dog. So we are getting this contradiction that seems to have relations between them. So we are getting the smallest of the small which is so individual in its presentation and functions. And we are also getting the largest of the large which is part of everything which exists as a whole. And the spirit lives somewhere in between. That is when we get consciousness to perceive some of these different perspectives. The senses that we have been given or born with are senses that can be developed and evolved. We are not stagnant creatures.

I just want to tell you a little bit about my experience and that will help you understand where I am coming from. Most of the last year was spent in the wilderness. Just travelling around from spot to spot in the wilderness and learning how to live and be a part of the wilderness. At first the wilderness did not really care for me but eventually I shed the smell of civilisation and now nature loves and accepts me for everything that I have to offer it and it has to offer me.

I have seen so many different animals but not just seen but hung out with. I have hung out with huge pythons as long as a train carriage. I have hung out with goannas as big as me but four times the weight (at least it looked like it). Huge lizards, many tiny lizards, wallabies, numbats, wombats, kangaroos, some koalas, lots of different types of birds, lots of different types of interesting insects. And I just make welcome everything that comes along and what generally happens is an interesting animal will come up to me and what we will do is spend a while just watching each other. And we just observe how we act and our detail, so I am looking at the detail in whatever the patterns that it has... I am learning from its representation; I am learning from the individual so that I can learn the whole. And it works. It works well. And then I learn how to act in accordance with the creatures nature while also respecting its individuality. I then build an intuition how to react to certain animals that come across me if I do not want to scare them off.

I have come across many poisonous snakes and it is all about the energy that you give off. And I want to live in harmony with everything so they feel your intention. What usually happens with poisonous snakes is I just bow to them and then just slowly move away and then they follow suit. And I have never had a problem. I have never been attacked. And spiders are not too bad either. You can learn live with a lot of your nature. Leeches are annoying and mosquito can sometimes get bad, and ticks are not very good either. But as far as everything else, most of it wants to live happily with you if you only give it the chance. And our civilisation messes that up a lot.

But throughout viewing all of these beautiful animals, and not just the animals but scenery because I am constantly moving around from place to place. And the places that I go to are absolutely beautiful. So I am seeing individuality as far as the trees that I live within. And then I see the whole of the beauty as a distant perspective of the view. I always notice that the view is always prettier than when you get there. You are constantly going somewhere that is better and more beautiful but when you get there you get let down because it is not as good as it looked from far away. So then you got to be okay. You got to be happy and content with every step that you take and not make it anything more than it is.

Through all of this, and not just this but through my life and studies, because I study and study; I study in the bush, that is all that I do. And my practising of martial arts and meditation and life problems that I have that have haunted my mind for a long time.

I have experienced suicidal ideations throughout most of my life. I never actualised anything but the topic of suicide I find a valid topic that is something that we should talk about and bring about so we can learn how to treat the problem instead of just trying to suppress the conditions that have been activated from the problem. So there is a lot of work I think we need to do on suicide because suicide is a big topic and companies that people contact to get help are not actually helping. They are just putting a band aid on an infection and that needs to be solved. And I work to solve that because I have had experience because most of the people that you deal with within the suicide "help" resources have not been there themselves. So we need some type of compassion from the people who are actually experiencing it to fix that problem or help treat that problem so that one day it might fade away from our human existence.

Through all of this though I noticed patterns. I have always noticed patterns but I could not pinpoint the patterns. I was always confused about how it all linked. But I knew it linked and I felt everything linking but I could not articulate that abstraction. So I would study and study and study and learn more and more and more. Over the last six months I have been connecting all of the dots. And all of the patterns that went through philosophy and how they all connected into a single whole. So I started off with the individual details within philosophy and I worked my self up to understand the whole, or at least understand the whole on a better level than I previously did. And I believe that it has all clicked for me to understand the whole and now I am filling in all of the gaps of the whole. But in saying that, I know that I know nothing and tomorrow I could learn something different changes everything. But we got to take man for its glories and its follies.

Through this whole process of living in this spirit, of this living spirit that is constantly changing and as time and continuity go by, and learning from this spirit and wisdom that is within everything, not just the nature but the text that I am reading within certain people that manage to do a lot of good as far as ideals in our human existence. And through this process we come to know God more. God becomes more known to us and the whole starts to show itself. But in saying that the whole is an infinite spectrum so it is incomprehensible to the human mind. This conception of God being infinite. The whole fact that is incomprehensible fills a gap by living and breathing within that spirit of God because you become an active member of the whole existence and have accepted that you are only part of. But that part of can become as grand as he or she makes it; makes of what they are given.

The created and the creator are two different sides of the spectrum and we have the created which we observe, so nature or a watch, and then we then learn from that the whole. So if I learn about a watch then we can about the watch maker. And if I learn about a tree then I learn about the tree make. And if I learn about a rabbit then I can learn about the rabbit maker. And all of these makers are a part of the one living spirit which is part in everything which is part of that one.

And then we have the love of wisdom, which is philosophy. Philo is love and sophia is wisdom, so we have the love of wisdom. And the love of wisdom is health. And wisdom is perfect health. And the love of wisdom is somewhere in between health and sickness. But if it is directed an honed in on then it will be closer to health than sickness.

So if we embrace the nature of things. So if we learn to look behind the rabbit and behind the tree of existence, and us. Then we can start to build a conception of what is involved when we are speaking of God. And it is these things that allow us to live in harmony our surroundings. For when we in harmony with all that is within our ecosystem then we are being a proficient member of that ecosystem and we are encouraging that ecosystem to flourish and become everything that it is. But when we start to extract and exploit natural resources within that ecosystem and cause suffering within nature then what we are doing is not of a kind and compassionate manner and we will either be eradicated from it or learn how to overcome because of it. Because all good things will come to pass as evolution will either stomp us out or we will flourish and continue to develop.

So we get in this living spirit thing and then it becomes about one belief. And this is what I was saying before and that is that I have one "belief" that is of a solid stance. And that is God. I do my best to not have any other beliefs and I have spent a long time to eradicate as many beliefs as I could because I did not like beliefs because they were confining. I find it difficult to function in a confining environment which is why I have tried to break out of it my entire life and this is why you do not see me in an office. But instead in the bush. And I have not paid rent or any money to live for the past year to merely exist. I do not "believe" that we should have to exchange money to be an existing creature. If we are paying for commodities or something like that, I think it is a little unless it is bare necessities. But that is politics and maybe I will discuss a little bit about that in Why Act Morally?.

So the one "belief" becomes a one God perspective which involves getting your spirit aligned with the nature of things so that you can become part of the individual and express the individual to the best as you can as well as be the exemplar of nature. And once we get that One alignment, then all of the other good things that come from of it will fruit and we will reap the consequences (good and bad) of our choices of spirit alignment. So this one "leap of faith" as Kierkegaard says, is the paradox in which I stand on the God issue. Anything beyond that is up for debate.

The way that I look at it is that anything that I "believe", any other alternatives must be of more worthy pursuits. So if I believe in God and I see another pursuit more worthy God then I can not believe in God and believe this other pursuit which is more worthy than God. And there is no other worthy than God. God is the most worthy understanding of all time, so then worship that understanding. So the belief of the greatest of everything is the belief that I hold. And then I want to learn what everybody else has to say about it so it can help me make my decisions better and give me basic indicators as to utilise when a situation in my life comes up where I might need to have that understanding to make a better decision; a more ethical and moral decision that is concerned around the important topics that are involved in the situation.

So then we come to the soul and our life is spent to purify this soul. Any blackness in it is to be eradicated but the the is is that we make this soul, so through actions we create that blackness. So then it takes actions to then paint it back the way it was. That is not very enticing for us since we were the ones to make the actions black to begin with. So this choice issue is a big topic within the soul and once our soul gets as purified as we can manage then we have been the best creature that could have been. I have thought of this being considered with once we die we are given a new body that the spirit could go into and be perfect. So our entire lives are spent to purify our soul so that when our soul goes into our perfect body then we can be a perfect creature.

This goes into the immortal soul which we covered a little bit about suffering. I a soul immortal? My answer for this is that we should not concern ourselves with such things. We can have a discussion about it but as far as anything goes, the matter of fact is that it is irrelevant whether our soul is immortal or not. We are give these conscious seconds to make use of and anything else would be trying to cling to something that we do not necessarily need: remember Buddhism. And our suffering is caused by this want of more, more life, more life, more life. But when we understand that it is not more life that we need but we need to utilise what life we are give. Then the situation gets flipped and we are placed in a different scenario in which we can make our decisions differently. So the whole striving for this more life is a folly, however in saying that I do not say that we do not have an immortal soul; I think it is likely and probable. And if I get passed to any other state of existence after my death that is better than this one then I would be sincerely grateful for that but I do not desire that as something to cling to; it is just something that could happen or maybe it doesn't. So we can avoid our suffering that comes along with wanting more life.

We also need to talk about organised religion. And this is difficult because we are talking about control and power and also doctrine and indoctrination from dogmas that have been created by fallible humans who in the "car" so to speak to drive to achieve power. So we have corruption that has been placed within organised religion. It is meant for the collective people and we lose sight of what the individual is in the process of church. The best way I would look at it is that if you go somewhere and they do not practice what they preach then it is not somewhere that is a place of God. For we need to practice what we preach and if we do not practice what we preach then the doctrines that we preach have holes in them. And we do not want to follow holey scriptures... Holy scriptures... Oh that is a good one.

In saying this, we have to be careful with organised religion. I have met some beautiful people from organised religion and I have met a lot of really cruel and obnoxious people within it. There is a whole game going on within church; within every church that I have been in. And you have to learn that game and play by their rules if you want to stay in it; I have been kicked out of a lot of churches.

The church should be worrying about worshipping God and that should be their focus; worshipping God and loving humanity. And that is not necessarily what they do. I have never been helped out by a church yet I have been to a lot of churches and I am a warrior of God; I spend every second following God. And I have only been persecuted within them. But there are some gems every once in a while so I am not condemning all of the people. But when you get those religions that do not fully devote themselves to that religion, just holding their belief in it without understanding of it, then you get hypocrites. They then corrupt what is going on even more and most of them do not even understand what it is that they preach, yet they somehow "believe" on it and if you question what it is that they believe they get defensive and angry. And that is just our whole humanity coming back on us from our pride and arrogance and then we act in manners of hubris, which is outrageous arrogance, so we need to learn how to work that out of us because that is definitely not a virtue. And if you are worshipping in the name of "God", then why are you practising follies that are obviously unhealthy characteristics within the human psychology?

That is my take on it but every time I see a church or something I will do a little bow and I respect that they are worshipping God, for worshipping God is the greatest good that I can find. Because God is the greatest good and everything that comes of God is part of everything that I interact with.

When we look a sustainability we can see that those who are hypocrites, their actions or their character does not hold strong. They will fall. Remember how I said time will tell? Time will tell all things. And time will tell if what they believe is a sustainable approach to belief. And it will rip apart what it is that they believe so if they do not have the proper structure then their ideas will eventually deteriorate and fade into the nothingness of everything. Whereas if they are on the right track; the right path; headed towards the right direction then these ideals will stand strong for a much long time. And sometimes these big ideas take a while to get out there but once they are out there then there is no going back. You can take our weapons, you can take our freedom, but you can not take our voice.

So we need to learn how to look at these red flags that pop up everywhere. If something does not connect;,if it doesn't make sense, if there is a problem in relation then we need to ask, "what is the truth". So then we find a lot of people that discredit the Muslim faith (Islam) by comparing it the terrorist. And the terrorist {might be} Muslim but that does not mean that they represent the Muslim faith at all. They have actually taken their faith to its extreme and taken it out of context like so many people have done, like the Roman Catholic Church, and like Saint Paul. And we learn that that is not the case. The Muslim faith are not terrorist and they actually have noble ideals if we just stop and listen to what they are talking about. So we need to be careful and analyse what information is fed to us.

For the Atheist, I wanted to just tell you that we are both on a planet that is a rock that has somehow formed life. And we are just flying through the nothingness of space and we will eventually be sucked back into the sun in which we came which will also be sucked back into the sun in which it came and again become one back into its minute dense particle that was managed to compress all of everything into. And when it pops out again, when it explodes again, that is when the Big Bang happens. So we are getting a repetition here. We are seeing a recursive: the infinite of God again. And we are on this planet! Look at what you see! Where did we come from and where are we going to return? And if we look at that from a physical manner, it was from an explosion that has been dispersed where bits and pieces of particles that were once dense masses exploded. There is the "God" for you to follow. And it is not that God but the living force within the actual happenings of that explosion and the results of the "seven days" that it took.

I wanted to close with a quote from Bacchae which is one of the god's, Dionysus which we were talking about before. And he is a bit of a god of misperception. "Let no mortal think that he is so wise that he can discern what god is. For the divine comes in many forms and wise is the man who allows his eyes to see the truth." So what this "God" is and what we perceive it to be are not necessarily the same thing. So what my Pantheist perception on this perspective of God has come through experience of the two sides of the coin. However, I would be unwise to say that I know that is the nature of God, for I know nothing because I am subjective being that is stuck in a subjective interpretation of that world. So what I discern God to be might be God but there is also other things that I am not considering. And if we think of Hume with the repetitions the "impressions" that he calls them. The 1, 2, 3... The scientific induction that we were talking about. We see that we can never know what causes anything because there is too many variables to understand and most of those variables we are probably unaware of and have no way of being able to find or make known. So we are still standing here on the Earth wondering why gravity functions as it does because even though we understand conceptions of gravity, we could never truly understand what gravity is.

You should learn how to be an independent student and research and check out Alcibiades. We are going to read some Locke about toleration, Christian toleration, toleration within religion. We are also going to read some Nietzsche about "God is dead". We are going to read a little bit of Zarathustra. We are going to read one of the beginning sections that talks about how we are on a tight rope hoping that we don't fall... and then we fall. And that is a really interesting read so I hope you enjoy.

God has been wonderful to me as of late. I am not going to lie, God pushed me through a whole lot and I had to be a good and faithful servant to Him. I was called about two years ago after my ex left me. And I was going to kill myself and I didn't because God steadied my hand. And ever since then God said that you gave your life to me, it is all mine. And I am just giving it back to Him I guess, because it was His to begin with. He steadied my hand and said, "You have a life and you are an intelligent person. You are very confused about some things. Let me help you clear those up. And the way that we are going to do that is through suffering. So my ex-wife left me. I was real sick and had to get better. I eventually went to America and my family didn't accept me the way that I wanted to be accepted.

I went to Melbourne but unfortunately before that some crap happened and ended up homeless, on the streets of Melbourne. So I was on the streets of Melbourne homeless as a faithful warrior of God, studying as well. I did a lot of walking and eventually walked to Bacchus Marsh. I did not have money for public transport so I just walked everywhere. And then ended up in Ballarat and lived in the bush there. I started under a tree, cold, freezing, it was freezing, it rained and hailed and even snowed there: I have a story about that one, but maybe tell that some other time. But probably not, maybe you want to be a friend, be a friend of mine.

And then I went and stayed with some friends in Perth and I studied there. And it gave me time to get through some of these biblical issues that I was having. And then I went to Nimbin, and I am in Nimbin now but I will be leaving Nimbin shortly. And I was not so sure of my life and how it was going to go. I just finished my philosophy major and did not know what was next. And I have been doing my website but it still has not gotten where I want it to be. And then everything started to come together, Nimbin has been wonderful for me to get my mind sorted out. It is a beautiful place with a few beautiful people. It has allowed me to study a great deal and connect all of the dots of what I have been studying.

I had a a "seeker" experience. As a seeker you are always looking for the unusual. Always looking for signs as to direct you to where you should go next. I have been lead to some pretty awesome places that have helped me understand copulas amounts and link them together over a very quick period of time. I have been able to learn how to unify how to study and my mind is working by itself now so I can focus on aligning my spirit. I just have to make sure that my mind continues to improve. But now since I have been spending it developing because I have pushed myself so hard.

All of my life I have I have been pushing so hard. And it is because I wanted the result that which I could not reach (think about Alcibiades). So I pushed and pushed and pushed and pushed. And slowly over time that pushing became actualised. And from that actualisation I was able to achieve those results which I held as most divine. Very interestingly, what I found as most divine constantly changed and I was constantly throwing one opinion for another and then eventually I learned how to bring all of the opinions back up again. But each step of this was in God and pray all of the time. The idea for this whole course came from prayer and the structure of this course was just talking to God.

This all was going to be a book but then I thought about how in my past how books have not been very receptive and of course I would like to make a little bit of money so that I can feed myself without worrying about the government but at the same time my life isn't about money. And that is something that I had to learn. I had to get out of the mentality that philosophy would get me money in the end, just to be able to live. Philosophy is not about that. Philosophy is learning how to live. And with philosophy you can then learn how to make money based off how you live. So you are treating the root causes of all life by studying them. And that is why philosophy is really important to mankind and our reasons should be in unison. We should be singing and I want to listen for your voice. This is my voice.

In saying all of this I am not saying that you are a bad person if you are an Atheist or any other persuasion. I have met some great Atheist. I have also met a lot of bitter Atheist who probably are rightfully bitter because the way organised religion has conditioned and hurt many people along the way. It is kind of sad. But in saying all of this, look what we have right now. Look what course you are taking and what information you are being provided and hopefully this information will allow you to make better choices in your life and from those choices then we can unite our better choices and develop the world in the most efficient, love, compassionate, and flourishing manner possible. And I can only do that with you. So I call you, I call your ear and I appeal to your heart. We need to work together in this world if we are to get anywhere. And whether you are Atheist or Agnostic, or religious in some way, or spiritual, we need to holds and really start talking about what we are going to do to make things better for us, not only in the future but right now. And the only way that is going to happen is if you start to do something.

So that is what this course is about and it is hopefully persuading you and at least giving you reasons why you need to start utilising your conscious seconds. Because if this doesn't give you any reasons to do it then nothing is going to happen. And I want you to listen to your heart with it. I hope that you guys have enjoyed this lecture on God. I know this can be a really controversial topic and I am a pretty controversial type of guy.

This is the surface of the depth that the topic of God contains. So I am not telling you everything there is out there.; there is a lot. And we can learn from it all and all of this learning are things that we can attach to our consciousness, into our memory, and organise that so we can then become the wisest person that we so desire. For we do not want to be like Alcibiades and be unable to actualise the person who we see as a model which is unobtainable to us. How are we going to make that obtainable? Well I am giving you some tools to be able to do that right now. God bless guys!

 

 

Transcript Lecture 8: Why Act Morally?
 

Greetings and welcome to lecture eight of the meaning of life. So why act morally? Why would one choose to act morally? And we come up to this question when we think about experience, and that is that the only existence that we "know" is of experience, of our consciousness and attachments that our consciousness has within it. And if all we have is our experience then why should we focus on anything that is outside of that experience? For we do not "know" the existence of that outside. We might know of and come to continually know more of that outside, but we are still stuck within our own experience. And if we are stuck within our own experience then why should we act morally to our fellow man when we do not even know that they perceive the world in the same way that we do. And we can see that they do not because green to me and green to another person might be two different "truths".

So we come up to this difficult problem of trying to get morality out of the equation and that is what this lecture is going to be talking about: where our morality fits in the equation. So we are just going to go through some different theories and then I am going to talk about some the things that we need to consider.

So what is moral action? What can we consider moral action and do moral actions come about? Why is there a need for moral action? Immanuel Kant says that there is an external cause. We all do things for a reason. There is some type of motivation that is causing us to do things. When we do these things it is as a reaction from our external world. So we are constantly reacting from the outside thing and then processing that into the inside thing: which is our minds.

This leads us into Kant's categorical imperative which is if you can not make a universal rule out of your proposition then the proposition does not stand true. So if we question lying and ask if lying is a moral action, then we need to find out whether it could stand universally true for everybody to be able to lie, to be given permission to lie. And if everybody started lying then we would lose all of our meaning and communication and our trust in our human fellows. And this would cause disastrous results. So because there is an outside external thing that is causing our causes the we cause, we must consider what responsibilities and duties that we have towards that.

We get Aristotle, and if you remember in one of the previous lectures we spoke of the guitar and who should get the world's best guitar. Who should get the world's best flute or lyre as Aristotle puts it. Something of this quality should be going to the person who is going to be able to utilise that in the appropriate manner to reach its full potential. I am not going to talk too much about Aristotle because we are going to be reading about him for this set of readings and I will talk about him at the end of the lecture.

We get Marx who says its immoral for our current government {capitalism/employment} to treat people the way it does because it exploits the efforts, the toils of man and giving it to another. So what man creates and makes is no longer theirs, it is handed to another. We need to see it from how we work. We work for another who then exploits us in order to obtain the most profitable return. And you end up getting a small chunk of that return and in exchange you are only getting a small portion of the results of your toils. So you are working for another. It is like slavery or prostitution.

We also get John Stuart Mill and Bentham and they persuade towards the utilitarian doctrine. And the utilitarian doctrine says that we are looking at the greatest good for the greatest number of people. It looks at what is the greatest good, and what is the greatest good? It is happiness. So happiness is what we should strive for. So we need the maximum amount of happiness with the least amount of suffering so then we can make decisions based on a type of calculation depending on the amount of suffering versus the amount of happiness it produces. So if we are to look for a cure for cancer then we might test on rats or something like that. So how many rats are we killing and what is the potential value in what it is that we are doing? So we need to make calculations whether our investments are worth it or not.

Rawls does an interesting thought experiment called the original position. The way this works is that everybody steps out of themselves. So if you can imagine a whole group of intelligent people coming together from diverse backgrounds and then making a system that is going to revolutionise the way we live. And the way this happens is that each person in the system does not know where in the system they are going to be distributed after they walk away. Let us just say the world "restarts" once they make their rules and then the result of that system are then manifest without a partial position from any of the individuals who created because the people who created it had no bias in their opinions because they were not going to reap the consequences of those opinions. So to attempt to refine our government to be equal for every individual because you do not know what you are going to become. So let's say everybody in the world's mind gets wiped and then we need to look at equal opportunity and potential for each of these individuals.

This theory was developed further to the impartial position which doesn't limit its scope to humanity but then goes on to nature and our environment and the animals that are within that environment that have a sentience or an interest about them. So we do not know if we are going to come back as a dog, so we should treat dogs right. Or we don't know if we are going to come back as a cow, so we should treat cows right. So these are things that we should be considering.

In the end, in inadequacies of our sense perceptions causes us suffering. So our sense perception receives data and when we are not satisfied with the data that it receives then we begin to suffer. And that comes from our "clinging" if we remember Buddhism. Our clinging on to wanting something that is not. And it is this desire that causes us pain and suffering in the long run. And when we learn to align ourselves with the healthy desire of just being happy with whatever comes your way will rectify that issue.

We are going to get into a little bit of a sad part of this lecture and I want to talk about a lot of different things. So I want us to be respectful and reflective when we talk about these subjects. To begin with we have Prometheus Bound. He is a god {Titan} in Greek mythology that helped humanity. What happened is that Zeus wanted to destroy humanity. So Prometheus did not want this to happen so he then went and taught the humans how to read and write and different methods that they could utilise to protect themselves against Zeus so that Zeus would not be able to destroy them.

In the end, Prometheus got in a lot of trouble and ended up getting hung out on a rock in the middle of nowhere, nailed to it to suffer for all of eternity for his actions that was a consequence that Zeus put upon him. And all he needed to do was either talk to Zeus and and apologise for what it is that he did or later on we find that could tell Zeus some insight that he had. But maybe you should go and read it, it is a very interesting story. He then refuses to do this and he hangs up and suffers for all of eternity with his pride that has done a good thing and he doesn't turn against that good that he sees as his highest good. So he is suffering for the sake of what he sees as divine and pure.

We then come to Sisyphus which is another myth and Sisyphus is condemned to pushing a huge rock up a mountain for all of eternity. Once he gets up that mountain then the rock falls down the other side and then he must push the rock up another mountain {or the same mountain again}. So the boulder of humanity is heavy just as the cross. And if we think about the cross in these things that I am talking about then you will begin to come to a better understanding of its representation and meaning behind the symbol.

Now we are going to talk about a bit more realistic stuff and let us honour these people as we talk about them. So we have Socrates who died for his greatest good. He was a martyr for what he believed to be right. And he was a really good man and our insanity was what struck him down.

We also have Jesus who went through a similar situation and he strived for his highest good. He then got struck down for that too. And these are no more than good men; good passive individuals who were trying to help humanity in the best way that they knew possible getting murdered for what it is that think as the direction humanity should take. So it is not like these individuals were aggressive in a physical manner. They were very well controlled and developed individuals.

And we also see this with Ghandi. He also did the same thing, did a lot of good with humanity in India and then he gets murdered. So our insanity of our human race is something that needs to be dealt with otherwise we are going to continue to perform these atrocities. And we must realise what it is that we are doing in the process so if we do come across and wake up and see ourselves in these situations then we can exit them in the most efficient manner possible.

We can also notice that this what happened in Nazi Germany while the Jewish people were being oppressed and taken off to concentration camps and murdered on the streets in front of the civilians eyes. They did nothing and that caused those happenings to continue and develop. And there is a lot of evil that has happened in our history that we can get beyond.

At the end of the day we have a responsibility. Why do we have this responsibility? Because there is something there and we know that with every action is a reaction. And with every giving there is also a receiving and another giving. So we are always giving what it is that have to give and in exchange we are part of the system always sharing our gifts with each other and our environment within that. So there is something there that must be accepted or rejected. And that is our responsibility. And the way that we investigate this is through self analysis. And once we learn to step back and look at our psychology then we are able to analyse how our psychology functions so that we can find the root cause of our problems and rectify those issues through progressive manipulation.

This starts of on an individual level and spreads to the whole. So we have the individual to the whole. And the follies of our society and the evil and malice that has come about from it has started from the whole to the individual. So we claim "God" without actually taking the path to God. Or we have a collective government that disregards its people. And these are the ways that our oppression begins. We have the creator and the created. And we must look at the individual entity first before we can learn how to best tackle that whole.

Through this process of becoming we then have birthing pains. And these come from the suffering that is going to be incurred from making such adjustments to one's psychology. And the desires that were in tune will have to be worked out of the system before the new spectrum can be opened. We can see this with tobacco and nicotine. Once nicotine is out of your system and you have not had it for a while then you do not desire to smoke. But if you are smoking then you desire to smoke more because the nicotine receptors desire more and more nicotine.

We are going to be alienated as a result of our choices because people now days do not take up a life of moral virtue. It is a thing that has passed our eyes but in saying that it is the individual that is going to open these shut eyes. The individuals within that system will overthrow that system or be stomped out of that system by the system. We must be extremely careful with systems because they tend to run by themselves and we overlook individual situations to rectify problems within the situations.

What this is doing in turn is claiming the inheritance to our psychology and accepting it. So remember Prometheus Bound, he accepted his fate as his highest good and all of the ramifications that came with that faith. So the inheritance is our god-like potential and it is that which should be focused on. So what we are doing is looking at the nature of ourselves through the individual traits that we portray within ourselves.

This then brings us to the Kingdom. And Jesus said, "The Kingdom of God is among you". This has also been interpreted as, "The Kingdom of God is within". And when we turn our eyes from the outside and go into the inside then we are able to live from the inside out existing amongst both fields or psychology's or even understandings because that is really all they are is understandings of a body and a mind and all of the ramifications that come with that.

So we then act as a star; a bright star, but how bright it can be is up to you. And thus we align ourselves in harmony with ourselves, our existence, and our place within that existence. In doing this we act as a lighthouse of the world in which other human beings can follow if they so choose. So our life as an exemplar human being is to guide and direct the collective human action. And the way to do this is through the individual because it is these many individuals that make up the collective. And when these individuals speak out then everything changes. But in order for the individuals to speak out they must have a process of going from their old life to their new life in order to become in sync with themselves and thus the rest of their existence.

What we are really doing is reorientating the sickness of humanity into the health of the Divine. And that is our attempts: to take our sickness and tweak it to position it for divine walking {manifestations}. Just as Buddha said, we should walk thoughtfully knowing our every single step and our moves that are in between; so knowing our body within the comportment of our steps. And the sickness is something to eradicate or destroy. And in the end we are either going to evolve or die. And I am doing everything that I can to progress towards evolving. And if you do the same then we can align our voices and become louder in a world that has been issued rose tinted glasses.

And we can do it together. And it is one person that makes a different. Most people are overburdened and cope out with the flawed social axiom that no one person can make a difference. Yes they can. It is not just your vote that matters. What matters is your voice. And how you express your voice is up to the painter.

We need to now speak about our future. We look at our beautiful environment and we have a beautiful river. How are we going to make all of this sustainable? The way that we need to do that is look at our psychology and figure out the root causes of why we do not do those things and then tweak that psychology to harmonise within nature. This is not to say to rid oneself of technology but instead to create technology in a utopian manner which will be sustainable to all of creation and not harm it.

Our government is just a big system and we need to be very careful about government because they set us on a path that we think is the only path because government said, and this is not the case. That government is composed of individuals, maybe non-thinking individuals, but individuals who are running a system that is made to help the "ideal person" that they have created. And if you do not fall within those "ideal person" guidelines then their system will not help you or will not help you how it should. So government is something important that we need to think about and we have a responsibility to make it. And we will live with what we make so we should make the best thing/model possible. And this happens from the individual speaking out and then us harmonising our voices to set a clear direction for the future.

Then we look at needs and we are talking about human existence. We are looking at our species. We have looked at other species' but in the end (definitively) we are responsible to our own species. So we need to step back out and ask how we are going to help human kind. And these answers will bring about our contributions to the world. But we need to step back at examine our needs. What are our needs?

It is obvious that everybody needs food; people need different degrees of food but everybody needs food. And when we can make bulk food cheap and sustainable that is available to every human being on this planet when they are hungry then we can eradicate a large chunk of this suffering. And when I say available, I do not mean through employment. So the one who is hard on their luck, homeless, or without monetary abilities capable of exchange then we still need to be able to provide for these people. And we do not want to make these people feel bad about themselves because these people could be helping the world more than all of the other people. So we need to learn how to respect each individual within the whole of humanity through your individual self.

We also need to look at property; property is a big problem and once we can create a system that can afford anybody property who desires it, of course locations with different prices, but anybody who desires property should be able to obtain it. As a result we can live in a more secure and peaceful world. Because the current way that it functions is most people are renting. Most people seem not to be able to afford the current housing industry and that is because they are ridiculous prices. In Australia, most places that are cheap and crap are like half a million. And it goes up from there. So we need to look at why it is that the property is so expensive and see what we can do to alter that so that everybody can afford property. And I do not think that everybody should be able to afford a house or be on the grid, but the idea of just existing somewhere in a location gives each individual security. It does not really matter the accessibility that this location has because the individual will work with what they are given. But a place for somewhere to hang their hat up is something that is really needed to be encouraged and available throughout all of human existence. And we have a lot of land and we only need to learn how to distribute that land.

The first reading for this lecture is from Aristotle whom we spoke of briefly at the beginning of the lecture. I am not going to speak too much about what he is talking about but what I want you to look at is the way that he analyses the human psyche and places them into moral relevance. So the way that he utilises what methods that he has available. We also have John Stuart Mill on Utilitarianism. That is what we were talking about before with the greatest happiness with the least suffering.

If you notice a lot of this stuff that you are getting is contradictory information and it is your job to then process that information in your head and then make a synthesis of it to arrive at your own conclusions which are inclined towards certain directions of these difficult topics. So stay safe and I will see you next lecture.

 

 

Transcript Lecture 9: What Life Should I Live?
 

Greetings and welcome to lecture nine on the meaning of life. This lecture is, "What life should I live?". We have come such a far way and we have covered a lot of material so we are towards the end of our road, we just have some things to speak about first. And these are quite important issues. Last lecture we questioned, "Why act morally?" and we went into systems and the way that our current society employs these systems.

Within health we need to be careful about what we are dealing with because the Western health system looks at one aspect and ignores the rest and this is not necessarily a healthy thing as we have talked about before. We can not say that there are no black swans because a black swan might exist. So the closed sightedness of science and the ramifications of science on our health care system and our health leads us to compartmentalise what we do not understand into something that we can claim to understand and it might be right or wrong. And we see this a lot in our mental health system. The health system of Western culture is terrible. They label conscious activity as faulty instead of looking back at what caused that faulty conscious activity. And that was from experience that was obtained through the life of the subject. There is a lot of things that need to change within our health care system because when we are helping someone just because we have to, we don't end up helping them. But when we do it out of our compassion and our passion towards that compassion then we are in a much better position to help these people.

Looking at what life we live we need to look at what necessitates a human. What makes a human exist? What needs does a human have? When we look at a human we can see that they have reasons for everything that they do and they make judgements on those reasons that result in their new experience, which is their consciousness and reactions towards actions of previous time. Every human individual takes actions for some type of gain. Man is for the betterment of man. So we get these desires towards something or another and then we feel that we must fulfil these desires.

This is where we get Epicurus and I told you that I would talk about him in a previous lecture and that is what we are doing now. So Epicurus says that we need to look at what the right needs are. Happiness and desires are good because it makes us feel good; it makes us continue in a positive manner. But we need to look at what these things that we are satisfying our needs with to see if they are ultimately causing positive results. And that is where we get a lot of vices that might be desirable but when we look at their results we find that they are ultimately not good for us. So when we come to terms with this then we are able to make small manipulations in our psychology to overcome the needs that were not necessarily healthy needs. So we need to reorientate our needs towards healthy mediums to achieve our ends through means of healthy actions that we then implement into our lives to eradicate negative actions.

We need to do this for each particular psychology that we are dealing with. So even though we can get an image of a man and the nature of a man through looking at the whole of man, we need to look at the individual man and their psychology so that we can then alter that psychology to overcome the problems that exist within that psychology. And through this action then we build a collective understanding of the whole through this individual. And if we all do this then we are going to build a large collective knowledge and it would be easy for anybody to achieve what desires that they feel as their highest good.

Then we have consciousness. Consciousness has better alternatives. The consciousness that we exist in right now is not necessarily the best, so if we are to make moral decisions regarding our consciousness because we have now opened up our eyes to be able to take it back, then why are we not choosing the better perceptions of consciousness which we can achieve through modification of one's psychology.

When we look at our needs. What does someone need? Someone needs food. Let's look at what type of food that person needs. And when we look at it, a person is perfectly healthy on a vegetarian diet which does not harm any sentience, that is the living consciousness that we have come to understand and then assert to other creatures within our environment. And we can see that these creatures suffer. And because they suffer, we can identify with that suffering. Therefore we should not eat meat because we know it is wrong and because we are conscious of it being wrong because of that suffering then we are then responsible to make the right decisions in regards to the topic that we are dealing with: eating meat.

At the end of the day we must learn control. And control with anything. We should control what we eat and how much we eat and the amount that we can live on and still be healthy from our perception of what healthy is. This is where fasting comes in. Fasting is a great method to think out a difficult subject as well as become closer to the environment that you are within. I have fasted for thirteen days before and hopefully I will end up fasting for twenty-eight days, that is my goal, I want to fast for twenty-eight days one time. But what we find with fasting is once we get beyond the innate desires that we have built into ourselves for this food, then we can overcome the need for food because when we have a desire for something, we are indulged within that desire. And when we abstain from that desire then we no longer have that desire. So we are reorientating our desires to be the most virtuous desires that we can find.

This is done through a process of suffering without those desires in order to obtain the necessary means in order to no longer have those desires; or be able to go beyond those desires. And when this is done when you then eat or drink you are eating or drinking something grand and you are really appreciative of the content that is entering your body. We find this in all things. When we abstain from the activity then we become really appreciative of the activity when it does come into our lives. So we appreciate the natural resources that the Earth has blessed us with instead of arrogantly and ignorantly looking at it.

In the end then we die. Our life is a preparation for death. We do not have to be afraid of this but this is the fact of human life; it is the absurdity of human life. In order to get beyond death we need to again analyse our psychology and see why we are afraid of death. And then we need to make the necessary arrangements to overcome that because life is not needed when it is not desired and that desire for more than you already have is what causes our suffering.

We then do this through a mode of being self-sufficient because when we look at our resources we see that most of these resources are controlled by people. And people are greedy in our current world; this is something that we need to fix, something that we need to work on. Everybody is out to get something from someone else. We are all wanting what is in the other person's wallet or wanting the other person not to want what is in our wallet. And this is a faulty mode of perceiving the world and our environment within it that has been encouraged through capitalism.

Through becoming self sufficient: so no longer relying on anybody else but yourself, then you gain a sense of security within who you are and what you are doing. You then go beyond the suffering that is involved with relying on other people. And when you rely on other people you can never trust it because people will let you down. This security is not only in oneself: it starts out within oneself and it comes to the world and environment around. By becoming secure in ourselves we become secure in our surroundings and then we are able to place ourselves in the best possible environment that we can find for our particular psychology.

What we are doing here is analysing articulation. When we analyse articulation what we have to do is step back and look how it is that we articulate. So the content of the articulation, which is this video medium and my articles and whatever else you might come to read, and not just me but every other medium that has been distributed to you that conveys some message is the a posteriori, which means after the fact. These ideas came in after the fact of speaking. So what is a priori to articulation? So I am articulating myself right now. What is before this articulation?

And that is that my mind is going through a train of thought and each movement is bringing a new selection of terminology for me to most effectively commit myself and articulate my meaning into words. And then these words come out of my mouth. And because of this process of development it starts out terrible and we can not articulate ourselves very well at all. And I struggle with it within speech and sometimes I end up with a mind blank (lose my train of thought) and I have to rethink my line of thought so that I can then arrive back at what I was speaking about. But in saying this it is all a developmental process and we are always getting better at it. So we are always getting better at articulating the abstract that we have to convey. And it is these categories that we are going through in our minds to arrive at the particular method of articulation that we do arrive at. That is what is a priori (before the fact) of articulation, is the process of going though massive amounts of information and then creating a solid foundation to represent the message is being conveyed.

In doing all of this we are then forming a type of correct thinking. So we are manipulating our psychological development and actions, as a result of the development, in a manner that is forming ourselves to ourselves becoming a more correct way of going about things. That allows us to become creative and through that we can open up different parts of our subconscious and unconscious and sometimes it might feel like the material produced was not done by us: these ideas were just so great that you could not have done it, but it was the unconscious and subconscious of the self that has been tapped into to find these results. So they still come from you and all of the effort that your conscious seconds are directed towards. They then get filed in a particular manner that is unique to your own psychology. And from that filing and the efficiency of that filing all depends about how you can then come to understand and improve the process of articulation.

We got to ask "What is it that I am doing to myself?". So when we watch T.V. and when we eat meat and when we allow things to occur that should not occur and when participate in small talk and gossip, we have to ask what is it that we are doing to ourselves. It is each second that we have to ask these questions. Remember the keyhole with Sartre, we need to become conscious of our actions so our actions will be utilised for and towards their potential.

So from the internal (What am I doing with myself?) we build into "What am I doing to my environment?" and we need to be careful about how we treat our environment because we will suffer the consequences of what we do to it. Just as we will suffer the consequences from what we do to our psyche. So we develop an image of the "me" and then that "me" has deeper meaning for the species. It paints an image or a shadow of both you and then helps fill in gaps for the entire whole.

Then we go to Darwinism and we see it. It is survival of the fittest. Every species is not going to survive: it is only the ones that are able go beyond themselves that are able to survive. They can only do that with the traits that they have been given. And if they desire more traits then it is a process of suffering and development to obtain those traits. Through this we need to think about a public forum. If we are to survive then through our speech and our methods of expression we then need to learn how to convey the meaning in which we are attempting to convey in the most articulate method possible. And this goes into every day conversation. So these topics that we are speaking now need to be integrated into our everyday conversation so that we as a species can develop to our full potential. But unfortunately, every day conversation has no meaning to do with anything in most cases. But we will either go beyond that or suffer the consequences of our inability to go beyond that.

So what we are doing here is just sifting through rubbish. And we put the rubbish there. But we were unaware and ignorant of how the rubbish would affect the ecosystem and habitat of our own development. And this is seen in language: you see people swearing profanities that are a part of their normal everyday communication. And this is not an attractive feature of man and it is something that is easily bred out of him. And I understand why they do it, for example I might go, "uhh" or "uhmm" or whatever if I am trying to connect my sentences and give myself a little bit of time to thing, but at the same time I also know that to be bad practice and try to work that out of me. It is better just to not speak than to speak without meaning. And once we can come to understand this then we will be able to modify our speech and our communications to no longer include the profanities and other ridiculous methods of employment that serve absolutely no purpose at all.

In the end, we are in an amphitheatre. We are subjects, you see this is the amphitheatre, and we are the stars. We are the characters of concern. We have a choice of how we are going to play the part. We were given the part and we had no choice about the part we could play but we do have a choice on how we are going to play that part. And in this amphitheatre of life we are going to have a lot of people watching us. As we can see right now, it is empty, it is entirely empty. But I will tell you that these seats will begin to fill up as we better come to understand our own consciousness and psychology and be able to overcome the suffering and the vices that man has place on it as an encouragement towards overcoming it. And next lecture you will be able to read some material about that.

Our relevant readings... We have some good articles so you will enjoy. Everything is coming together and what we are doing now with these articles is stamping the themes that were discussed throughout this course. And these are some really well moulded stamps that I would like to get into your mind so that you can understand what we are going on about here. And I know that you probably understand very well about some of these topics but we need to learn how to study the individual specifics before we can come to understand the whole. So there is a lot of work for you to do: it is not something that is just handed to you.

But our first one is Kant. We read Kant before and it's "What is Enlightenment?". He speaks about his perception of what enlightenment for mankind entails. Unfortunately his project failed, but in the end I do not think it will. It has only failed so far and the ideal still remain strong. So when we look at what it is that he is conveying, I can see it happening. It is just going to take individuals to also become conscious of this fact and to do something about it to bring about enlightenment. And there is a lot of different conceptions of enlightenment but that "light bulb" moment is the perfect moment. That realisation, that is the drug that I have used throughout my life. Right when the little bubble goes above my head and I see that light then everything makes sense and my soul can rest in the area that I was struggling with and then move on to a more advanced area that will have more of a developmental impact. So we are in this constant struggle to become.

But Kant says that we need to break free from our "self-incurred tutelage" he calls it. This article talks about how we are going to break our chains and what sort of necessary characteristics need to be honed in on in order to change characteristics so that we can develop as a species. The next one is a really special reading. It is Kierkegaard and it is on the "Dedication to that Single Individual". And that single individual is you and Kierkegaard wrote this for you so I want you to enjoy this and appreciate what work that is going on here.

I also want you to think back about all of the things that we have been reading and we have been reading things from all over time. A lot of people think now, "it is a different time and culture", saying that people are entirely different and then we can create hostility towards another because of our differences. But with all of these articles that we have been reading, have you noticed that our thinking is very similar throughout? Our ideals have grown and become more refined for philosophy is always sharpening its blade. But the way one thinks and the perception that one can give, these people are not Neanderthals and would be considered an advanced stature of any known society even in today's modern employment of it.

We have to remember that we are all humans and we are all pointed in a certain direction. There is not a significant difference between our thinking but only levels of our thinking and our control over that thinking. And modern philosophy (its development) has allowed us to understand thinking on very high levels and then alter that thinking through uses of methods that we then employ.

I have hope you enjoyed this lecture. There is only one more lecture and then we are done. But until then, stay safe.

 

 

Transcript Lecture 10: Building a Meaningful Life
 

High tidings my friend. We have gone through a lot of different material and we have an overview of a lot of different perceptions and theory, and theory about how to put that theory in practice. We have been getting a lot of information and now it is time to contemplate what that information means and draw any relations to it. So welcome to lecture ten and this is the final lecture.

We will start out with a bit of a treat: a bit of an insight into the future. We will come to that from our last lecture which taught us some methods to overcome. And we do this through observing the individual thing so we can then learn the differences that it possesses but at the same time the similarities in which all of the genus of the species share and have in common. So we are tracking down what is common by looking at the individual thing that is not common.

This then gets us into methods for overcoming. And education is one of those things. Our education system is about to change, everything is about to change. But if you do not believe me then I am going to tell you a story to give you an insight into what the future is going to be like. You might not realise it but education is a smoking gun right now. So let us throw ourselves into the future that you can see what I see.

We have a lot of different teachers and those teachers have dedicated their entire lives towards a subject that interests them the most. They then come to learn these subjects as functionally and practically as possible so that they can then share with the world what it is that they have come to find. And these teachers will make money through donations. As you go through a course you start to learn the individual. So as you went through this you learned that there are many different distinct things about me that would not show themselves in most people. So we learn about this person through our studies and we come to development an empathy or concern for this person who has spent their time articulating their abstract so that they could then share this abstraction in a manner that they have understood best by putting all of the material into a structure which can be understood most effectively.

The students then have the option to then donate to these teachers. And because these teachers can provide their content to the entire world will then obtain a living from the donations from the people that chose to donate to them. And people could donate whatever they wanted or whatever their means was if they felt that they should contribute to the well-being of the teacher. What we are doing then is removing the education system which is controlled by government and we are removing that from the equation of a necessity in life. We are doing that by providing donation optional features to give these teachers an existence in which they can use then to study and analyse what their heart's passion leads them to.

Then these education courses will become available all throughout the Internet and you will get quality ones and you will get crap ones, but the quality ones will stand the test of time. And you will get different universities that will probably be new creations, new universities that are online that are free and they would make sure that they employ good teachers. The university does not have to do anything except exist as an intermediate between the teacher and the student. The university would act as a sign post to get them to that material. So the university would not have control and the control would all be in the teacher's hands.

We then see these teachers also learning from other teachers and learning these teachers and their individuality. Since we have removed the system, now we are teaching because we care about people. So then we are coming from a different student/teacher relationship. So now when you email your teacher, his or her reaction should be that of acceptance because these topics are really important to them: the topics that they are teaching are the most important topics that they have been able to find. So their interest then is into the topic and not the idea of obtaining a living out of it. But as a result they will obtain a living once the build and establish a reputation. And they do that through the test of time.

All of these teachers are then referencing other teachers and we get the best of the best that are collaborating and synthesising ideas. And all of this would be open source; we are open sourcing the world, so using public domain books. They would be sharing each other's information. Since all of this is available on the Internet then the media distribution will go from paper to an electronic form. And over time this electronic format will become widely available and it will be extremely easy to publish information and then share that information in an easy manner. So we can then all connect and talk out these topics because we live on this world together in the same time. We should not just be talking about these topics with dead people. We should be talking them out in our own life and our own existence with our own circumstances.

This is opening up doors everywhere. The methods that we have been learning over this course will teach you how to be able to see things like this because you learn to look at the nature and then judge the reactions from the nature and how it would start those reactions. And we look at through the environment. We can see now a new floor, a new forum, available to educated people to share and distribute information. And these educated people will then create and share more ideals that will change the world. There is going to be a huge boom. Once this process is refined enough to make it easy for everybody then there is going to be no excuse for anybody.

And this is going to change the way capitalism works and this is a reason why capitalism is a destroyer of itself. If we look at one point of view, within a job, in order to get a good job you either needed to do hard labour or to have a good qualification. And anything less would get you a low paying job. But what this is going to do over time, since the grades and stuff is not important because we are building character and not so much building certificates. It is the individual and not the collective doing the work. So then we are going to be looking at people back from the collective to the individual. So should I hire this person? Well let's look at this individual and their traits and not a piece of paper. So their traits and what they have studied will manifest themselves in their actions and they will be able to look at their character to see if they are appropriate for the job. So our employment scheme as a result of this Internet education will completely change. It will give opportunities to many many people around the world, especially third-world countries, to grab a hold of their lives and then place it where they believe that it should be.

And there is more! We can keep on thinking about more and more different ramifications of this education happening. So all of these teachers need to make this step towards this reform, otherwise you are going to be destroyed: evolution will wipe off its dead skin. So the teachers out there need to start thinking about this. And not only that, those who have the ability to teach university grade courses should then organise their content that they have to share in a receptive manner and then post it up. And when you do that you are giving a gift to the world that will either stand the test of time if your passion and thought was in a correct manner or will be destroyed with all of the other crap of the world. But we should all do this and we will start to see the stars. A lot of these stars are stagnant but the thing is you have to come in before you go out. Think of a black hole. So let us just do as nature has intended and it is time for us to start our new golden age. But this is a little bit away but this is what you can start to think about because this is what is going to happen.

In saying this the primary and secondary level education systems, so elementary, middle, and high, if you are in America or wherever you are that does whatever systems. They will become superseded and then the parents will have to train these children to learn the information that they need as they have it all at their fingertips. It could be possible that schools might end up just having the child come in and stay on the computer the entire day. But that is probably not good for the child either so we need to start thinking of healthy ways that we can employ this revolution of education and when we do this we are going to have an entire conscious revolution. And this is what I was talking about before; everything is going to change and we now possess the tools to make it happen and now only need to learn how to use those tools.

A lot of these conceptions are Pantheist which is like God is in everything. And I have been expounding on some of these topics and they have been resonating through the course. Spinoza from Amsterdam (who ended up getting exiled from his people because of his views) acted to open our eyes up towards religious tolerance and he really did. And he was in a good place for it too because Amsterdam was one of the most tolerant places around. So I just wanted to mention him so you can further investigate him.

We have mentioned Epicurus a few times but there was a specific part that I wanted to mention him now and that is communities. And he said that what we need to do is find our create small communities with people that we have come to love in our life and work on our relationships while studying everything and also learning how to control our desires. He loved sensations; he started a type of hedonism but it was through an ascetic method. Through asceticism we can learn to overcome the limits of our body. But the history of asceticism disliked the body and looked at the body in a negative evil light. However, from this method of Epicurus, the body is a part of a thing to love; it is a part of the nature that it comes from. And I think we should do that. I do not think that we should despise the body. The body is a wonderful creation and we should resonate that through our body.

That is Epicurus and I just wanted to mention that because I do have some inclinations towards small communities. I am going to be trying to start a commune. But we will see how that goes. I have a lot of plans in life. I reach high but I tend to get there, just not the way that I thought that I would.

Throughout all of these lectures, different themes that have come up, the core of it is "why follow?. Why should you follow the crowd? The crowd has shown its obnoxiousness and lack of particularity in every scenario we know. If you are choosing to follow the crowd, which every body does choose to follow the crowd, and you know that you are following a fallible source; it is not a good thing to follow. So why are we doing it? We need to step back and look at why we do the things that we do. And this comes through objective reflection on our own lives and the entire history of our own lives. This is both good and bad that we are taking on and we are accepting it all and learning from it and then synthesising it to understand the direction that we need to take in the future.

This comes back to the boulder with Sisyphus and the cross and our being bound. So how are we bound? We are bound by people. People oppress other people and to rely on people is to rely on a fallible creature that in many cases is not reliable. So how do we fix that? We have to search for "the drug". And I am not talking about a substance but a method to overcome the issue we are speaking of. So "the drug" then acts as a tool to get us to a healthy state of existence. Through this process we get to an apex of ourselves. We are always going higher but an apex of the potential self that is realised. So every moment becomes the best moment possible. And this happens through acceptance because once we accept, what we accepted no longer burdens us.

This brings us back to Plato's cave. We are sitting in a cave chained up staring at a wall. There is a fire behind us and our captors are walking are and their figures are casting shadows on the wall. And we understand the shadows to be real existence. In fact those shadows are not real existence. They are actually being cast off from the reflection of light from the person walking in front of the fire. The philosopher's objective is to break these chains which they spend their lives doing. And once they break their chains they stand up and look around and are able to see that these shadows are being cast from the fire. And when they walk out they discover a new reality. The next step is that they go back in to attempt to free their fellow man. And their fellow man thinks they are crazy which we can see! I am crazy, apparently. But you are what you are.

I want to talk about my chains for a little bit and how I have broken my chains. I am the judge of no one but myself. So how you live your life is your decision and I am not going to condemn you for that. But for my life employment always held me down. And that was because for one I did not sleep much, and I do not sleep much. And I like to sleep whenever so I got tired at work sometimes because I wanted to take a nap or something and was not able to do it. And I am unable to do the whole sleep at night every night thing. {I have delayed sleep phase disorder}

So it was a tough journey and I was treated poorly throughout my employment even though I did a really good job. So I got frustrated because I was not being respected for the job that I performed. And throughout the information technology industry that is how it is. So I was working for like nine or ten years and I had to get out of it. What I ended up doing is spending time on my psychology to no longer value the money that came in from it and then I was able to treat them with less care about the status of my job. So they knew that I would just quit quickly and they would make provisions to me so that I would not do that, because I did not care. And I went without jobs for a long time. So I have slowly been pulling myself away from money.

And that is a big issue. Money and material things. I now have one bag and it all fits on my back. It is a big bag and I have everything that I need to live comfortably in there. And that was removing my chains. As far as social situations, if the people that I spend with do not appreciate me doing that (because I appreciate them spending their time with me) and if they do not do the same and do not respect me then I will not stay in the situation. And I end up without anyone. But that is okay because I would rather be without anyone than in the middle of an unhealthy situation that had no hope to be resolved. So I broke my chains from people.

These are just little bits and I am not going to tell you the entire story but everything fits. This whole course has been a life project and I will talk about that shortly. But those are some of the types of chains that you can start looking for whenever you are uncomfortable with something, there is a reason why you are uncomfortable with it. And if you analyse the reasons why you are uncomfortable with it then you can create methods to overcome it.

So the course has ended and there is not much left to go so where are we to go from here? What is the next step? I presented some pretty significant books to you throughout our time together and now it might be the time to go back and read the entire things. That will keep you busy and also give you an insight into some of the wisdom around that has to be shared. And there is the Gutenberg Project which is a place for public domain books. And LibriVox is where you are getting the audio books. So between the two you have resources available to you to increase your capabilities, learning, and availability of what you have access to.

In addition there is easy methods for a pirate to steal copies of some of the new philosophy from the philosophers from the Internet easily in an electronic format. So there are many different places around the Internet that you can get copies of books that are not public domain. But that is illegal... Yeah...

So then we look at the world; we have gone from ourselves, from ourselves, what we are doing to ourselves; we look at ourselves from the keyhole to wake ourselves up. And then we align ourselves with ourselves and then we look at the world. This world, hat am I doing to it? What are the ramifications of that? After we align that, what about my species? What am I doing for my species? How can I say that I am contributing for the species that I am. We are looking at responsibilities that someone has. And after we look at the species, what about this universe? All that we think we know and a lot of other stuff that we do not know exists within it. What are our responsibilities to the universe? And this will become a big question as our human technology and development grows because we will no longer be limited to location when we come to further understand our own laws that are surrounding the universe that we live in about space and time.

What we need to do then is take a slow step back. We need to step back from everything and then look at what it is that we are dealing with, with every topic. What topic am I dealing with? And once we come to learn what we are dealing with and the different perspectives involved, we like philosophy become an ever sharpening blade of development. And when we get downhearted about the way things are, we can look at the ideal that we have created and how far we have come to creating that ideal.

Through this action comes ramifications and if we can think of Sisyphus and his pushing up the boulder. This is our suffering. And if we can remember Socrates, we need to accept suffering, and Socrates accepted his own death because it was his highest good because it was what was done by a democratic vote. And he endured the ramifications of what he understood as the highest good.

All of this is independent of any religion. So any belief or lack of belief, we are still dealing with the same topics. Whether you believe in God or not is not an issue for these topics that we are dealing with. You still have the same one choice that everybody else in this world has. This then shows us our subjective interpretation. We are always looking at the world from one point of view and can never get out of that one point of view. So those are our limits. We can stretch our limits to their maximum potential but we can not go beyond those limits.

When we think about where we are actually going in the whole scheme of things then we come to find that we are on a lonely journey. And this is because ideals like this are not common practice... currently. And this is because the way society has been directed from the results of its history. And we can either choose to go beyond the problems that its history showed us or wallow within them until we go down the drain.

All of these questions that keep on coming up point to the question itself. We need to always question beliefs. And when we question those beliefs we can come to greater understand what it is that we are dealing with. When something is claimed then the question can refine the claim and make it more clear in all who then share and receive this information because everything is constantly developing.

Through this we become the seeker, yep, the seeker. And the path of the seeker is superman. So from seeking they slowly find and this building then creates a superman. And that is the purpose of human; is to overcome itself. And that is the meaning of life. Because if you look at our evolution and the way that our species is growing, this is the way that it is pointing. And the details of that meaning is a subjective interpretation so that meaning is then allowed to be constantly refined.

Anything less of this choice is a total cop-out and you are acting in an immoral manner if you do not accept your destiny. If you do not carry your cross then you are not doing the right thing. And you Atheist also need to carry your cross and I do not care what arguments that you throw at me about that; we need to start looking a bit more metaphorical instead of saying things are like we say they are. And that is what this whole thing has been about.

Everything that you have come to see and shared with through this course is a life project. This is a lot of information coming together in a certain way in one persons head. This is the fruits of my life so far as it stands so far right now. And I am not saying that this is the only information that I have studied because oh boy have I studied. But there are things that resonate and relate and this is the best manner that I was able to articulate: the basic and repetitive meanings that I found through patterns that existed within philosophy and religion.

So this is definitely not something spare of the moment. However, it kind of is as far as it came about very quickly once the gaps were filled. In all of this I want to tell you about my financial situation. I do not have a job because my job is what you are receiving right now. I spend all of my time revolved around these difficult topics. And I am a student too and I get a very meagre allowance from the government and I manage to live off of that. A lot of time I do not, but that is okay because the life that I have chosen I need to learn how to go without, so a lot of times I do go without. But I do not mind that at all; that helps me.

But saying that I do not want to rely on the government for the rest of my life. So I am going to just mention that you are welcome to give me a donation. If you would like you can donate to me on my website. I eventually want to be able to make a meagre living without the government by producing this material. And this is what I have to share with the world; this is my gifts and I am making everything of these gifts. And I believe that we should be able to live off of the gifts that we hone in on and share without a feeling of trying to take something off of another. And I do not want to take anything off of you so if you have any reservations do not give me anything.

But I put a lot of work and thought into this and if it made any difference on your life and helped you see some things then I would appreciate if you donate whatever value that you believe this course has brought into your life. And then we can work together and continue different systems like this and show that systems of this type of teaching are an effective method of learning and the teachers are able to sustain a living from it. This is important because we are not going to get these teachers that throw their whole lives away just to die in a gutter {except me} so we need to find ways to help sustain this online teaching and that would be through donations. So if you would like to give a donation then please do not hesitate to.

Then we come to an end. Everything has been really great because it has come together in a fashion that has been more than satisfactory to me. I messed up a lot of times. I refereed to the wrong things and I have mispronounced names and that is just the follies of our kind. Once a creation has happened and it is good enough to be published then I can not spend my time to redo it in a method that is better because I can spend my time to give more information. Since it is adequate or even above adequate then it will suffice. And this comes into being content with the creation that we create even if it is not perfect. But the thing is that we are always working towards Arete, which is one of the tattoos on my arm which is excellence. And through these processes we are always getting better. So as I become then you too can also become. And the way that you do that is through your conscious seconds that have been given to you. So let us utilise these. We have a whole bunch of them. And we can become so much, the spectrum is infinite. So let us claim our inheritance of the infinity and strive towards it.

Peace be with you and good luck on your journey for truth. We have an exam. This exam is life. How you live your life and the actions that you choose are going to affect absolutely everything. It is this life that you will be tested on and I wish you luck in that test for it will be a difficult test. And when you accomplish one difficult question and you think you are on to an easy one, you will run into a problem that you must overcome in order to continue and complete the exam. But I would take your time on that exam because that exam is an important exam.

I forgot the relevant readings so we will quickly go through that. We have Arthur Schopenhauer On Pessimism again and it is the end chapter, it is called Parables. It goes through a whole bunch of different parables and the way that I recommend you study this is to write down one a day and think about that parable the entire day. So use your mind to think of all of the different perspectives of the parable instead of saying, "oh ok, I have read it, it is done". Actually use your mind to deeply consider what Arthur Schopenhauer is saying. His parables are good, I like this part, so you should enjoy that.

The next reading is from an author that is very dear to my heart. His name is Wendell Charles NeSmith and this article is called The Mark of Humanity. And this goes through a different perspective of the creation story and the ramifications of that creation story. I hope you enjoy that article and that is the course. I hope you have enjoyed everything. God bless! I am excited that I finished this. It has been hard work.

 

 

Transcript Alternative Way
 

Even though I get persecuted and go through a lot of crap, I am the best person that I am and those people that are persecuting me are most likely probably jealous or trying to look for faults that they can not find. I don't know. I am doing the best that I can so I do not have any regrets. I learn from my mistakes. I do make mistakes. But saying this, I am not going to change for anyone. People have been trying to make me do that my entire life and that is not cool.

I did for a while. People want me to conform in certain ways and the government as well. Nine to five jobs are so typical. I had to rebel. I had to get out of it all and find my own path. And I am walking it right now. This path is the path to the good life. The good life is not what everybody you see around you is doing. They are not awake. I have given you some tools to assist you to get out of bed. And if you are out of bed then that is awesome. If you are stretching that is awesome. And if you are completely out and active then that is awesome too and we should hold hands and walk down this path together. Because there is no path better than this.

I do want to mention that everybody has their own path. But the path of what we ourselves find to be virtuous from our search is the best path we can take. And if you and I find different virtues and we have different perspectives on different topics then that is okay. That is actually what makes us develop. That is part of our evolution. Because when I see something in a certain way and you see something in a different way, as long as we are looking at what we both think is best objectively, then we can synthesise our ideals and develop into better human beings. This path that I am walking is the path to virtue. But everybody has a different way here. So I wish you luck on that path.

I really do hope that you enjoyed everything. I do want to sing a song for you and if you are not religious then I am sorry. But I would appreciate it if you watched it still because I did do a lot of work to get all of this content out for you. And I think it would be good if you repaid me by listening to this song if you are Atheist or something. But this song is worshipping my God. And I am not that good of a singer but the thing is that every day I get better. So I am going to do that once I get to the end of this street for you.

We all have our path and the way we find it is different. This is a very lonely road. And that is why I am screaming out to you because I do not want to walk it alone. And I have been walking it alone my entire life so I am ready to hold hands with some people and move on forward. You will get persecuted. People will be very cruel to you. People often tell me that I need to grow up. What is that?

Even though the path is difficult, it is the most rewarding path that you could ever imagine because knowing that at every single step that you are the best person that you can be is the most wonderful feeling. To live without regrets because you always did the best you could, you could do no better, then we can live a good life. And yes we will make mistakes but we use those mistakes to guide our lives. And that is my course! I hope you have enjoyed it. And I will sing to you now.

Our God is an awesome God
He reigns in everything
With wisdom and power and love
Our God is an awesome God

From It to soul to mind to body which comports myself
In the world I've come to love
My God is an awesome God

Every step I take is handed over to Him
So that I, a mere man can be so much more

My God is an awesome God it reigns in everything
With wisdom and power and love
My God is an awesome God
 

I hope you enjoyed that. I am going to be doing some more courses soon. I have a lot of different courses planned out but there is some research that I need to do on some of them and I have a lot of content. But I need to make them better. They are not coming together like this one is because this one was a life project. But I have them ready and when they are out all depends on my studies and how much time I can put into it and still study enough. I have a full set of sociology units this semester so we will see how that goes.

The first one that I want to do; I don't think it is the most important topic; it is not the one that is on my heart so much. But I think it is the one that is most necessary because we need to learn how to study. We are doing this online learning and now that we are revolutionising education we need to learn how to study. And I am going to do a course called, "Developmental Learning" {all my courses explain how to learn}. I also have "Love and Particularity" {What is Love?}. And "Justice in Action" will be another one {My Reflected Death}. Some of these ideas are planned out so if you just keep your eyes peeled, there is more coming. And I hope that everything that I can teach you will be beneficial.

I hope you like this course. I hope you it was good for you to think about these subjects if you have not already. But the thing is that these subjects are solid and do not change. The changing that happens is going to then stand for history. They are things that we have our whole lives to think about. So maybe a lot of these topics you have heard of. But I can only judge on the people that I see in my world and everybody that I see in my world does not know anything about these topics. So if you are like that then I hope that I was able to help you clear up some of these topics and start to think yourself.

Thinking is a lifelong thing. You are always going to think. You have the choice to think about something that is important and meaningful in your life or instead you can think about a television show or a movie or what you are going to eat that night or anything like that. Or you can think about meaningful topics. And if we are going to progress as the human race then I hope that we start thinking about meaningful topics.

So thank you very much. Stay safe. Until next time, God bless...
 
 
Transcript The End
 

My name is Wendell Charles NeSmith, which means strange wandering free man. I guess it is my nature. I am homeless and jump from population to population, culture to culture, sea to sea, land to land, country to country, city to city, town to town, village to village, but ultimately, wilderness to wilderness.

Each step of the way is in search for the right people that will help me develop into the best person that I can be while I also return the favour. I live in a state of constant persecution and rejection, all the while holding a of full-time study, financial hardships, and lack of basic necessities.

Every distance travelled brings new people into my life who will most likely eventually reject me due to their inability to step back and consider what I am truly saying. The struggle to form close relationships because of my search for the Divine leaves me feeling the cold current beneath my toes. Not a journey has passed that I have not seriously considered, ending my own life. But as time goes by the friends and family that have been left behind due to their untreatable solid stance in ignorance results me in the ever sharpening blade of perfection.

The rejection passes and the friends that stay around become the ones that are the best ones possible for the development of my body, my mind, and my spirit. The search from the self to the Divine slowly manifests itself in my life over time as a result of the strife towards its divinity. I study the world and how I am best to interact with it, not excluding social relationships. I see the hardships and the cruelty in the world and pick up on patterns and analyse those patterns in attempts to understand why these negative characteristics manifest themselves in people. I then analyse my own psychology and create personal methodologies to breed these unhealthy traits out of myself. I then create forms of media distribution to relate to my fellow human how they too can escape their sins. I then sit back and watch as the results of my fruits help me find the roots within the individuals that should accompany me in this life.

The ones that stay around are the ones that have come to the realisation that every second of my existence is given to the betterment of this glorious species. Ultimately, those who refuse to see me as "Wendell the Philosopher" and instead paint their representation as "Wendell the Crazy" are the ones who leave my life. And despite its painful rejection, compassion for their insanity burdens my heart and I am given even more reason to dedicate my life to them.

This is my life. This is my philosophy. This is the highest that I could reach at this particular moment. But forever will I try and reach higher, for the limits of my experience are continually developing. All this, my fellow human sufferer, is my Love to share with you.

If you feel the same then let us come together and walk the path of life towards controlling and directing the manifestations of our conditions. For in every receiving is a giving. Thus our obligation to make our kind grow and in turn, sustain life. Let us throw down our weapons and unite so that we may fully actualise the potential of our grand species.

If we only learn to leave our prejudices behind then we may come to know how truly blessed creatures we are. When ones with like minds come together with an ideal, that ideal manifests itself in the world. It is about time that a new ideal arose to dominate all the sickness of our past mistakes. What we make this ideal to be will set the course in the present and ultimately the future of human existence. Let us unite our spirits so that everything else will automatically align itself.


Living the good life is contrary to merely living a life.

I LOVE YOU!

Will you take my hand? Shall we wait for the sun to come back out together?

The end...